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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 875874, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/875874
Research Article

Results of a 2-Week Inpatient Stay at the Department for Internal and Integrative Medicine: An Observational Study

1Chair of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, 45276 Essen, Germany
2Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, University Hospital of Essen, 45138 Essen, Germany
3Department for Internal and Integrative Medicine, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, 45276 Essen, Germany
4Department of Internal and Complementary Medicine, Immanuel Hospital Berlin, 14109 Berlin, Germany

Received 1 August 2012; Revised 10 September 2012; Accepted 19 September 2012

Academic Editor: Thomas Ostermann

Copyright © 2012 Romy Lauche et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. The Department for Internal and Integrative Medicine in Essen utilizes mind/body medical elements in order to empower patients with chronic diseases to better cope with their symptoms and to adopt a healthy lifestyle. This study explored the influence and predictors of a 2-week integrative treatment program on patients’ quality of life. Methods. This observational study was conducted with inpatients as part of the quality assurance program. Patients’ quality of life, psychological symptoms, and health locus of control were measured on admission and discharge and again 3, 6, and 12 months after discharge. Regression analyses were conducted to determine the factors predicting improved quality of life. Results. Data from 2486 inpatients treated in 2001–2004 were included (80% female, mean age 53.9 ± 14.3 years). Response rates decreased to 50% at 12 months. Small-to-moderate effects were found on patients’ quality of life, anxiety, and depression. Patients’ internal locus of control significantly increased. Improved quality of life was mainly predicted by lower baseline scores. Conclusion. Results of this study suggest that a 2-week inpatient treatment might sustainably reduce patients’ symptoms and increase their quality of life; however, conclusions are only preliminary. More research is needed to enable the effectiveness to be judged conclusively.