Table 2: Significant differences at baseline characteristics and health change at discharge between responders and non-responders.

CharacteristicResponders at DIS (M ± SD)Nonresponders at DIS (M ± SD)

Length of stay at the hospital (in days) 14.8 ± 3.213.3 ± 5.5<0.001
Internal control beliefs (GKÜ)3.0 ± 0.92.9 ± 0.90.034
External-fatalistic control beliefs (GKÜ)2.2 ± 0.92.4 ± 0.90.001
Depression (HADS)7.4 ± 4.28.1 ± 4.20.01

CharacteristicResponders at FU3 (M ± SD)Nonresponders at FU3 (M ± SD)

Length of stay at the hospital (in days) 14.8 ± 3.014.3 ± 4.4<0.001
External-fatalistic control beliefs (GKÜ)2.2 ± 0.92.2 ± 0.90.01
External-social control beliefs (GKÜ)2.8 ± 1.02.9 ± 1.10.035
Depression (HADS)7.3 ± 4.17.9 ± 4.3<0.001
Mental component summary (SF-36)40.2 ± 12.938.7 ± 12.60.004
Satisfaction with life in general3.4 ± 0.93.3 ± 0.90.01
Subjective health change at discharge (in %)0.001
  (i) Much improved33.225.7
  (ii) Somewhat improved47.452.4
  (iii) The same15.816.5
  (iv) Somewhat worse2.73.9
 (v) Much worse0.91.5

DIS: discharge; FU3: 3-month followup; M: mean; SD: standard deviation.