About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 971896, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/971896
Research Article

The Physical Demands of the Tree (Vriksasana) and One-Leg Balance (Utthita Hasta Padangusthasana) Poses Performed by Seniors: A Biomechanical Examination

1Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southern California (USC), 1540 E. Alcazar Street, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
2Division of Geriatrics, Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), 924 Westwood Boulevard, Suite 200, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA

Received 3 May 2012; Accepted 23 July 2012

Academic Editor: Andreas Michalsen

Copyright © 2012 Sean S.-Y. Yu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. National Sporting Goods Association, Sports Participation in 2010: Lifecycle Demographics, 2011.
  2. P. R. Bosch, T. Traustadóttir, P. Howard, and K. S. Matt, “Functional and physiological effects of yoga in women with rheumatoid arthritis: a pilot study,” Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 24–31, 2009. View at Scopus
  3. K. M. Chen, J. T. Fan, H. H. Wang, S. J. Wu, C. H. Li, and H. S. Lin, “Silver yoga exercises improved physical fitness of transitional frail elders,” Nursing Research, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 364–370, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. Tüzün, I. Aktaş, U. Akarirmak, S. Sipahi, and F. Tüzün, “Yoga might be an alternative training for the quality of life and balance in postmenopausal osteoporosis,” European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 69–72, 2010. View at Scopus
  5. T. Aigner, J. Rose, J. Martin, and J. Buckwalter, “Aging theories of primary osteoarthritis: from epidemiology to molecular biology,” Rejuvenation Research, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 134–145, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. P. Cadogan, “Lumbar spinal stenosis: clinical considerations for older adults,” Journal of Gerontological Nursing, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 8–12, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. W. B. Katzman, L. Wanek, J. A. Shepherd, and D. E. Sellmeyer, “Age-related hyperkyphosis: its causes, consequences, and management,” Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 352–360, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. Miyazaki, M. Wada, H. Kawahara, M. Sato, H. Baba, and S. Shimada, “Dynamic load at baseline can predict radiographic disease progression in medial compartment knee osteoarthritis,” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 61, no. 7, pp. 617–622, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. Vanwanseele, F. Eckstein, R. M. Smith et al., “The relationship between knee adduction moment and cartilage and meniscus morphology in women with osteoarthritis,” Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 894–901, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. A. Hunt, T. B. Birmingham, J. R. Giffin, and T. R. Jenkyn, “Associations among knee adduction moment, frontal plane ground reaction force, and lever arm during walking in patients with knee osteoarthritis,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 2213–2220, 2006.
  11. L. Sharma, D. Dunlop, T. P. Andriacchi, K. Hayes, J. Song, S. Cahue, et al., “The adduction moment and knee osteoarthritis (OA), a longitudinal study,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 48, supplement 9, article S452, 2003.
  12. G. A. Greendale, L. Kazadi, S. Mazdyasni, E. Ramirez, M. Wang, S. S. Yu, et al., “The yoga empowers seniors study (YESS): design and asana series,” Journal of Yoga and Physical Therapy, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 107–114, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. J. M. Burnfield and C. M. Powers, “The role of center of mass kinematics in predicting peak utilized coefficient of friction during walking,” Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 1328–1333, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. I. McClay and K. Manal, “Three-dimensional kinetic analysis of running: significance of secondary planes of motion,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 1629–1637, 1999. View at Scopus
  15. K. Manal, I. McClay, S. Stanhope, J. Richards, and B. Galinat, “Comparison of surface mounted markers and attachment methods in estimating tibial rotations during walking: an in vivo study,” Gait and Posture, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 38–45, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. C. Kerrigan, M. K. Todd, U. Della Croce, L. A. Lipsitz, and J. J. Collins, “Biomechanical gait alterations independent of speed in the healthy elderly: evidence for specific limiting impairments,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 317–322, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. Winter, Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2004.
  18. C. A. McGibbon, “Toward a better understanding of gait changes with age and disablement: neuromuscular adaptation,” Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 102–108, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. Wu, S. Siegler, P. Allard et al., “ISB recommendation on definitions of joint coordinate system of various joints for the reporting of human joint motion—part I: ankle, hip, and spine,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 543–548, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. Wu, F. C. T. van der Helm, H. E. J. (DirkJan) Veeger et al., “ISB recommendation on definitions of joint coordinate systems of various joints for the reporting of human joint motion—part II: shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 981–992, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. A. Winter, “Overall principle of lower limb support during stance phase of gait,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 923–927, 1980. View at Scopus
  22. G. J. Salem and C. M. Powers, “Patellofemoral joint kinetics during squatting in collegiate women athletes,” Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 424–430, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. R. Cram and G. S. Kasman, Introduction To Surface Electromyography, Aspen Publishers, New York, NY, USA, 1998.
  24. C. J. de Luca, “The use of surface electromyography in biomechanics,” Journal of Applied Biomechanics, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 135–163, 1997. View at Scopus
  25. J. Cohen, “A power primer,” Psychological Bulletin, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 155–159, 1992. View at Scopus
  26. D. A. Winter, “Kinematic and kinetic patterns in human gait: variability and compensating effects,” Human Movement Science, vol. 3, no. 1-2, pp. 51–76, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. Wolfson, R. Whipple, C. Derby et al., “Balance and strength training in older adults: Intervention gains and Tai Chi maintenance,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 498–506, 1996. View at Scopus
  28. M. W. Rogers, L. D. Hedman, M. E. Johnson, T. D. Cain, and T. A. Hanke, “Lateral stability during forward-induced stepping for dynamic balance recovery in young and older adults,” Journals of Gerontology—Series A, vol. 56, no. 9, pp. M589–M594, 2001. View at Scopus
  29. B. D. Iverson, M. R. Gossman, S. A. Shaddeau, and M. E. Turner, “Balance performance, force production, and activity levels in noninstitutionalized men 60 to 90 years of age,” Physical Therapy, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 348–355, 1990. View at Scopus
  30. K. M. Winters and C. M. Snow, “Body composition predicts bone mineral density and balance in premenopausal women,” Journal of Women's Health, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 865–872, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. B. E. Maki, P. J. Holliday, and A. K. Topper, “A prospective study of postural balance and risk of falling in an ambulatory and independent elderly population,” Journals of Gerontology, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. M72–M84, 1994. View at Scopus
  32. D. C. Kerrigan, A. Xenopoulos-Oddsson, M. J. Sullivan, J. J. Lelas, and P. O. Riley, “Effect of a hip flexor—stretching program on gait in the elderly,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. L. Ferrucci, J. M. Guralnik, D. Buchner et al., “Departures from linearity in the relationship between measures of muscular strength and physical performance of the lower extremities: the women's health and aging study,” Journals of Gerontology—Series A, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. M275–M285, 1997. View at Scopus
  34. M. DiBenedetto, K. E. Innes, A. G. Taylor et al., “Effect of a gentle iyengar yoga program on gait in the elderly: an exploratory study,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 86, no. 9, pp. 1830–1837, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. L. Sharma, D. E. Hurwitz, E. J. A. Thonar, J. A. Sum, M. E. Lenz, D. D. Dunlop, et al., “Knee adduction moment, serum hyaluronan level, and disease severity in medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 1233–1240, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. S. P. Messier, P. DeVita, R. E. Cowan, J. Seay, H. C. Young, and A. P. Marsh, “Do older adults with knee osteoarthritis place greater loads on the knee during gait? A preliminary study,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 86, no. 4, pp. 703–709, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. K. R. Kaufman, C. Hughes, B. F. Morrey, M. Morrey, and K. N. An, “Gait characteristics of patients with knee osteoarthritis,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 907–915, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. E. Daubney and E. G. Culham, “Lower-extremity muscle force and balance performance in adults aged 65 years older,” Physical Therapy, vol. 79, no. 12, pp. 1177–1185, 1999. View at Scopus
  39. N. D. Reeves, M. V. Narici, and C. N. Maganaris, “Myotendinous plasticity to ageing and resistance exercise in humans,” Experimental Physiology, vol. 91, no. 3, pp. 483–498, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. J. Bendall, E. J. Bassey, and M. B. Pearson, “Factors affecting walking speed of elderly people,” Age and Ageing, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 327–332, 1989. View at Scopus
  41. R. H. Whipple, L. I. Wolfson, and P. M. Amerman, “The relationship of knee and ankle weakness to falls in nursing home residents: an isokinetic study,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 13–20, 1987. View at Scopus
  42. S. R. Lord, R. D. Clark, and I. W. Webster, “Postural stability and associated physiological factors in a population of aged persons,” Journals of Gerontology, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. M69–M76, 1991. View at Scopus
  43. S. Studenski, P. W. Duncan, and J. Chandler, “Postural responses and effector factors in persons with unexplained falls: results and methodologic issues,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 229–234, 1991. View at Scopus
  44. R. E. Rikli and C. J. Jones, Senior Fitness Test Manual, Human Kinetics, Champaign, Ill, USA, 2001.
  45. D. Podsiadlo and S. Richardson, “The timed “up and go”: a test of basic functional mobility for frail elderly persons,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 142–148, 1991. View at Scopus
  46. A. Shumway-Cook, S. Brauer, and M. Woollacott, “Predicting the probability for falls in community-dwelling older adults using the timed up and go test,” Physical Therapy, vol. 80, no. 9, pp. 896–903, 2000. View at Scopus