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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 215348, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/215348
Research Article

Medical Yoga for Patients with Stress-Related Symptoms and Diagnoses in Primary Health Care: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1Nora Health Care Centre, Örebro County Council, 713 31 Nora, Sweden
2Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, 701 85 Örebro, Sweden
3Centre for Health Care Sciences, Örebro University Hospital, P.O. Box 1324, 701 13 Örebro, Sweden
4School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, 701 82 Örebro, Sweden

Received 23 November 2012; Revised 23 January 2013; Accepted 24 January 2013

Academic Editor: Elisabet Stener-Victorin

Copyright © 2013 Monica Köhn et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

An increasing number of patients are suffering from stress-related symptoms and diagnoses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the medical yoga treatment in patients with stress-related symptoms and diagnoses in primary health care. A randomized controlled study was performed at a primary health care centre in Sweden from March to June, 2011. Patients were randomly allocated to a control group receiving standard care or a yoga group treated with medical yoga for 1 hour, once a week, over a 12-week period in addition to the standard care. A total of 37 men and women, mean age of years were included. General stress level (measured using Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)), burnout (Shirom-Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ)), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)), insomnia severity (Insomnia Severity Index (ISI)), pain (visual analogue scale (VAS)), and overall health status (Euro Quality of Life VAS (EQ-VAS)) were measured before and after 12 weeks. Patients assigned to the Yoga group showed significantly greater improvements on measures of general stress level ( ), anxiety ( ), and overall health status ( ) compared to controls. Treatment with medical yoga is effective in reducing levels of stress and anxiety in patients with stress-related symptoms in primary health care.