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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 254017, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/254017
Research Article

Topical Treatment of Nonhealing Venous Leg Ulcer with Propolis Ointment

1Department of Descriptive and Topographic Anatomy, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Jordana 19, 41-808 Zabrze, Poland
2Outpatient Surgery Center no. 2, Specialist Hospital no. 2, ul. Batorego 15, 41-902 Bytom, Poland
35th Military Hospital, ul. Wrocławska 1-3, 30-901 Cracow, Poland
4Department of General and Vascular Surgery, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Ziołowa 45/47, 40-635 Katowice, Poland

Received 7 January 2013; Accepted 26 February 2013

Academic Editor: Wojciech Krol

Copyright © 2013 M. Kucharzewski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

An investigation of effectiveness of topical treatment of nonhealing chronic venous leg ulcers with propolis ointment was conducted. 56 patients were included in the study and randomized into two groups. In group 1, there were 28 patients (ulceration area: 6.9–9.78 cm2) treated by means of topical propolis ointment application and short stretch bandage compression. In group 2, there were 29 patients (ulceration area: 7.2–9.4 cm2) treated by means of Unna boot leg compression without topical propolis treatment. In the study, the efficacy of both treatment methods in patients with resistive venous leg ulcers was compared. The ulceration of patients from group 1 healed completely after 6 weeks of therapy in all cases. In all patients from group 2, the process of healing was longer but successfully completed after 16 weeks of the therapy. We found that an adjunctive propolis ointment treatment increases the efficacy of the short stretch bandage compression stocking, and this combined treatment is more effective than Unna’s boot compression alone.