Table 1: Integrative medicine and complementary and alternative medicine categories and modalities.

CategoryModality

Mind-body-based modalitiesHypnosis
Guided imagery
Meditation
Yoga
Tai Chi

Biologically based modalitiesHerbal medicine
Vitamins and mineral supplementation

Manipulative and body-based modalities Chiropractic
Massage
Acupuncture

Energy-based modalities Qi gong
Healing touch
Reiki
Therapeutic touch

Whole medical systemsAyurveda
Homeopathy
Traditional Chinese medicine