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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 381381, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/381381
Research Article

Effects of Aromatherapy on the Anxiety, Vital Signs, and Sleep Quality of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Patients in Intensive Care Units

1Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon 302-799, Republic of Korea
2College of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon 302-832, Republic of Korea
3Medical Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon 305-811, Republic of Korea

Received 26 October 2012; Revised 25 December 2012; Accepted 26 December 2012

Academic Editor: Ki-Wan Oh

Copyright © 2013 Mi-Yeon Cho et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aromatherapy on the anxiety, sleep, and blood pressure (BP) of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients in an intensive care unit (ICU). Fifty-six patients with PCI in ICU were evenly allocated to either the aromatherapy or conventional nursing care. Aromatherapy essential oils were blended with lavender, roman chamomile, and neroli with a 6 : 2 : 0.5 ratio. Participants received 10 times treatment before PCI, and the same essential oils were inhaled another 10 times after PCI. Outcome measures patients' state anxiety, sleeping quality, and BP. An aromatherapy group showed significantly low anxiety ( , ) and improving sleep quality ( , ) compared with conventional nursing intervention. The systolic BP of both groups did not show a significant difference by time or in a group-by-time interaction; however, a significant difference was observed between groups ( , ). The diastolic BP did not show any significant difference by time or by a group-by-time interaction; however, a significant difference was observed between groups ( , ). In conclusion, the aromatherapy effectively reduced the anxiety levels and increased the sleep quality of PCI patients admitted to the ICU. Aromatherapy may be used as an independent nursing intervention for reducing the anxiety levels and improving the sleep quality of PCI patients.