About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 427265, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/427265
Research Article

Objectifying Specific and Nonspecific Effects of Acupuncture: A Double-Blinded Randomised Trial in Osteoarthritis of the Knee

1Department of Internal Medicine, Heidelberg University Hospital, Im Neuenheimer Feld 410, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
2Centre for Chinese Medicine, Universitätsallee 3, 28359 Bremen, Germany
3German Society for Traditional Chinese Medicine (DGTCM), Heidelberg University, Karlsruher Straße 12, 69126 Heidelberg, Germany
4Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, Mannheim Medical Faculty, Heidelberg University, Ludolf-Krehl-Straße 7-11, 68167 Mannheim, Germany
5Shen-Centre for Traditional Chinese Medicine, Südliche Stadtmauer Straße 25, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
6Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
7Abel Salazar Biomedical Sciences Institute, University of Porto, Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira No. 228, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal

Received 23 September 2012; Accepted 13 December 2012

Academic Editor: Jaung-Geng Lin

Copyright © 2013 Max Karner et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. C. Lawrence, C. G. Helmick, F. C. Arnett, et al., “Estimates of the prevalence of arthritis and selected musculoskeletal disorders in the United States,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 778–799, 1998.
  2. D. T. Felson, R. C. Lawrence, P. A. Dieppe et al., “Osteoarthritis: new insights. Part 1: the disease and its risk factors,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 133, no. 8, pp. 635–646, 2000. View at Scopus
  3. A. Pendleton, N. Arden, M. Dougados et al., “EULAR recommendations for the management of knee osteoarthritis: report of a task force of the Standing Committee for International Clinical Studies Including Therapeutic Trials(ESCISIT),” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 59, no. 12, pp. 936–944, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. Hernandez-Diaz and L. A. Garcia-Rodriguez, “Epidemiologic assessment of the safety of conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs,” The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 110, Supplement 1, no. 3, pp. 20S–27S, 2001.
  5. R. B. Bausell, W. L. Lee, and B. M. Berman, “Demographic and health-related correlates of visits to complementary and alternative medical providers,” Medical Care, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 190–196, 2001. View at Scopus
  6. B. M. Berman, R. B. Bausell, and W. L. Lee, “Use and referral patterns for 22 complementary and alternative medical therapies by members of the American College of Rheumatology: results of a national survey,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 162, no. 7, pp. 766–770, 2002. View at Scopus
  7. D. M. Eisenberg, R. B. Davis, S. L. Ettner et al., “Trends in alternative medicine use in the United States, 1990–1997: results of a follow-up national survey,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 280, no. 18, pp. 1569–1575, 1998. View at Scopus
  8. B. M. Berman, L. Lao, P. Langenberg, W. L. Lee, A. M. K. Gilpin, and M. C. Hochberg, “Effectiveness of acupuncture as adjunctive therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized, controlled trial,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 141, no. 12, pp. 901–910, 2004. View at Scopus
  9. C. Witt, B. Brinkhaus, S. Jena et al., “Acupuncture in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomised trial,” The Lancet, vol. 366, no. 9480, pp. 136–143, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Vas, C. Méndez, E. Perea-Milla et al., “Acupuncture as a complementary therapy to the pharmacological treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: randomised controlled trial,” British Medical Journal, vol. 329, no. 7476, pp. 1216–1219, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. P. Scharf, U. Mansmann, K. Streitberger et al., “Acupuncture and knee osteoarthritis: a three-armed randomized trial,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 145, no. 1, pp. 12–20, 2006. View at Scopus
  12. J. Kleinhenz, K. Streitberger, J. Windeler, A. Gußbacher, G. Mavridis, and E. Martin, “Randomised clinical trial comparing the effects of acupuncture and a newly designed placebo needle in rotator cuff tendinitis,” Pain, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 235–241, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. Streitberger and A. Vickers, “Placebo in acupuncture trials,” Pain, vol. 109, no. 1-2, p. 195, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Moore and H. McQuay, “Acupuncture: not just needles?” The Lancet, vol. 366, no. 9480, pp. 100–101, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. I. Boutron, F. Tubach, B. Giraudeau, and P. Ravaud, “Methodological differences in clinical trials evaluating nonpharmacological and pharmacological treatments of hip and knee osteoarthritis,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 290, no. 8, pp. 1062–1070, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. M. Witt, B. Brinkhaus, and S. N. Willich, “Acupuncture: clinical studies on efficacy and effectiveness in patients with chronic pain,” Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 736–742, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Hummelsberger, E. Ernst, H. J. Greten, and F. Bahr, “After large studies by federal health insurance: what is the future of acupuncture?” MMW-Fortschritte der Medizin, vol. 147, no. 25, pp. 12–14, 2005. View at Scopus
  18. D. Kalauokalani, D. C. Cherkin, and K. J. Sherman, “A comparison of physician and nonphysician acupuncture treatment for chronic low back pain,” Clinical Journal of Pain, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 406–411, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. L. Zheng and K. Faber, “Review of the Chinese medical approach to the management of fibromyalgia,” Current Pain and Headache Reports, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 307–312, 2005. View at Scopus
  20. D. G. Altman, K. F. Schulz, and D. Moher, “Turning a blind eye: testing the success of blinding and the CONSORT statement,” British Medical Journal, vol. 328, no. 7448, pp. 1135–1136, 2004. View at Scopus
  21. K. Huwiler-Müntener, P. Jüni, C. Junker, and M. Egger, “Quality of reporting of randomized trials as a measure of methodologic quality,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 287, no. 21, pp. 2801–2804, 2002. View at Scopus
  22. J. Greten Kursbuch, Traditionelle Chinesische Medizin, Georg Thieme, Stuttgart, Germany, 2003.
  23. B. Brinkhaus, C. Becker-Witt, S. Jena et al., “Acupuncture randomized trials (ART) in patients with chronic low back pain and osteoarthritis of the knee: design and protocols,” Forschende Komplementarmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 185–191, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. G. Stucki, D. Meier, S. Stucki et al., “Evaluation of a German version of the WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities) osteoarthritis index,” Zeitschrift fur Rheumatologie, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 40–49, 1996. View at Scopus
  25. S. L. Whitehouse, E. A. Lingard, J. N. Katz, and I. D. Learmonth, “Development and testing of a reduced WOMAC function scale,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery B, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 706–711, 2003. View at Scopus
  26. L. Brosseau, S. Balmer, M. Tousignant et al., “Intra- and intertester reliability and criterion validity of the parallelogram and universal goniometers for measuring maximum active knee flexion and extension of patients with knee restrictions,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 396–402, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. Brosseau, M. Tousignant, J. Budd et al., “Intratester and intertester reliability and criterion validity of the parallelogram and universal goniometers for active knee flexion in healthy subjects,” Physiotherapy Research International, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 150–166, 1997. View at Scopus
  28. C. S. Enwemeka, “Radiographic verification of knee goniometry,” Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 47–49, 1986. View at Scopus
  29. P. P. Gogia, J. H. Braatz, S. J. Rose, and B. J. Norton, “Reliability and validity of goniometric measurements at the knee,” Physical Therapy, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 192–195, 1987. View at Scopus
  30. H. Goldstein, M. J. R. Healy, and J. Rasbash, “Multilevel time series models with applications to repeated measures data,” Statistics in Medicine, vol. 13, no. 16, pp. 1643–1655, 1994. View at Scopus
  31. H. Goldstein, W. Browne, and J. Rasbash, “Multilevel modelling of medical data,” Statistics in Medicine, vol. 21, no. 21, pp. 3291–3315, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. M. L. Ng, M. C. P. Leung, and D. M. Y. Poon, “The effects of electro-acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on patients with painful osteoarthritic knees: a randomized controlled trial with follow-up evaluation,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 641–649, 2003. View at Scopus
  33. G. Ordeberg, “Characterization of joint pain in human OA,” Novartis Foundation Symposium, vol. 260, pp. 105–121, 2004. View at Scopus
  34. T. J. Kaptchuk, W. B. Stason, R. B. Davis et al., “Sham device v inert pill: randomised controlled trial of two placebo treatments,” British Medical Journal, vol. 332, no. 7538, pp. 391–397, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. L. H. Yahia, P. Pigeon, and E. A. DesRosiers, “Viscoelastic properties of the human lumbodorsal fascia,” Journal of Biomedical Engineering, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 425–429, 1993. View at Scopus
  36. B. Hinz and G. Gabbiani, “Mechanisms of force generation and transmission by myofibroblasts,” Current Opinion in Biotechnology, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 538–546, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. R. Schleip, I. L. Naylor, D. Ursu et al., “Passive muscle stiffness may be influenced by active contractility of intramuscular connective tissue,” Medical Hypotheses, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 66–71, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. H. M. Langevin, D. L. Churchill, and M. J. Cipolla, “Mechanical signaling through connective tissue: a mechanism for the therapeutic effect of acupuncture,” FASEB Journal, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 2275–2282, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus