Table 3: Summary of potential biomarkers in HLJDT and its components’ groups on day 22.

BiomarkersHLJDTComponents of HLJDT
Folda valueaFoldb valueb

Choline−20.240.041
Carnitine0.400.0000.180.003
Glycerophosphocholine−19.870.001−16.790.009
Acetylcarnitine−0.760.003−0.150.002
L-Phenylalanine−0.280.012−0.190.043
Hippuric acid−20.170.004−18.870.006
Palmitoyl-L-carnitine−0.560.002−0.010.022
Allantoin−0.120.018
Arachidonic acid−0.240.002−0.140.003

aFold changes calculated as log2 (average peak intensity of HLJDT group/average peak intensity of model group) and value compared with model group on day 22.
bFold changes calculated as log2 (average peak intensity of components of HLJDT group/average peak intensity of model group) and value compared with model group on day 22.