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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 492039, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/492039
Research Article

Relationship between Biomechanical Characteristics of Spinal Manipulation and Neural Responses in an Animal Model: Effect of Linear Control of Thrust Displacement versus Force, Thrust Amplitude, Thrust Duration, and Thrust Rate

1Palmer College of Chiropractic, Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, Davenport, IA 52803, USA
2Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2R3

Received 15 September 2012; Revised 2 December 2012; Accepted 12 December 2012

Academic Editor: Vincenzo De Feo

Copyright © 2013 William R. Reed et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [6 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • François Nougarou, Claude Dugas, Constance Deslauriers, Isabelle Pagé, and Martin Descarreaux, “Physiological Responses to Spinal Manipulation Therapy: Investigation of the Relationship Between Electromyographic Responses and Peak Force,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • William R. Reed, Cynthia R. Long, and Joel G. Pickar, “Effects of Unilateral Facet Fixation and Facetectomy on Muscle Spindle Responsiveness During Simulated Spinal Manipulation in an Animal Model,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • William R. Reed, Joel G. Pickar, Randall S. Sozio, and Cynthia R. Long, “Effect of Spinal Manipulation Thrust Magnitude on Trunk Mechanical Activation Thresholds of Lateral Thalamic Neurons,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 277–286, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • François Nougarou, Claude Dugas, Michel Loranger, Isabelle Pagé, and Martin Descarreaux, “The Role of Preload Forces in Spinal Manipulation: Experimental Investigation of Kinematic and Electromyographic Responses in Healthy Adults,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 287–293, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Felipe Coutinho Kullmann Duarte, Carolina Kolberg, Rodrigo R. Barros, Vivian G.A. Silva, Günter Gehlen, Jakson M. Vassoler, and Wania A. Partata, “Evaluation of Peak Force of a Manually Operated Chiropractic Adjusting Instrument With an Adapter for Use in Animals,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • William R. Reed, Cynthia R. Long, Gregory N. Kawchuk, and Joel G. Pickar, “Neural Responses To The Mechanical Parameters Of A High-Velocity, Low-Amplitude Spinal Manipulation: Effect Of Preload Parameters,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 68–78, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar