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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 492039, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/492039
Research Article

Relationship between Biomechanical Characteristics of Spinal Manipulation and Neural Responses in an Animal Model: Effect of Linear Control of Thrust Displacement versus Force, Thrust Amplitude, Thrust Duration, and Thrust Rate

1Palmer College of Chiropractic, Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, Davenport, IA 52803, USA
2Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2R3

Received 15 September 2012; Revised 2 December 2012; Accepted 12 December 2012

Academic Editor: Vincenzo De Feo

Copyright © 2013 William R. Reed et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [16 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • François Nougarou, Claude Dugas, Constance Deslauriers, Isabelle Pagé, and Martin Descarreaux, “Physiological Responses to Spinal Manipulation Therapy: Investigation of the Relationship Between Electromyographic Responses and Peak Force,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • William R. Reed, Cynthia R. Long, and Joel G. Pickar, “Effects of Unilateral Facet Fixation and Facetectomy on Muscle Spindle Responsiveness During Simulated Spinal Manipulation in an Animal Model,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • William R. Reed, Randall Sozio, Joel G. Pickar, and Stephen M. Onifer, “Effect of Spinal Manipulation Thrust Duration on Trunk Mechanical Activation Thresholds of Nociceptive-Specific Lateral Thalamic Neurons,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • William R. Reed, Joel G. Pickar, Randall S. Sozio, and Cynthia R. Long, “Effect of Spinal Manipulation Thrust Magnitude on Trunk Mechanical Activation Thresholds of Lateral Thalamic Neurons,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 277–286, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • François Nougarou, Claude Dugas, Michel Loranger, Isabelle Pagé, and Martin Descarreaux, “The Role of Preload Forces in Spinal Manipulation: Experimental Investigation of Kinematic and Electromyographic Responses in Healthy Adults,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 287–293, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Felipe Coutinho Kullmann Duarte, Carolina Kolberg, Rodrigo R. Barros, Vivian G.A. Silva, Günter Gehlen, Jakson M. Vassoler, and Wania A. Partata, “Evaluation of Peak Force of a Manually Operated Chiropractic Adjusting Instrument With an Adapter for Use in Animals,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • William R. Reed, Cynthia R. Long, Gregory N. Kawchuk, and Joel G. Pickar, “Neural Responses To The Mechanical Parameters Of A High-Velocity, Low-Amplitude Spinal Manipulation: Effect Of Preload Parameters,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 68–78, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Charles W. Gay, Michael E. Robinson, Steven Z. George, William M. Perlstein, and Mark D. Bishop, “Immediate Changes After Manual Therapy in Resting-State Functional Connectivity as Measured by Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Participants With Induced Low Back Pain,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • John J. Triano, Dominic Giuliano, Ismat Kanga, David Starmer, Jennifer Brazeau, C. Elaine Screaton, and Curtis Semple, “Consistency and Malleability of Manipulation Performance in Experienced Clinicians: A Pre-Post Experimental Design,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • William R. Reed, and Joel G. Pickar, “Paraspinal Muscle Spindle Response to Intervertebral Fixation and Segmental Thrust Level During Spinal Manipulation in an Animal Model,” Spine, vol. 40, no. 13, pp. E752–E759, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Lei Han, Ping Zhao, Wei Guo, Jie Wei, Fei Wang, Yu Fan, Yi Li, and Yaqing Min, “Short-term study on risk-benefit outcomes of two spinal manipulative therapies in the treatment of acute radiculopathy caused by lumbar disc herniation: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial,” Trials, vol. 16, no. 1, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • William R. Reed, Cynthia R. Long, Gregory N. Kawchuk, and Joel G. Pickar, “Neural responses to the mechanical characteristics of high velocity, low amplitude spinal manipulation: Effect of specific contact site,” Manual Therapy, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 797–804, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Francois Nougarou, Isabelle Page, Michel Loranger, Claude Dugas, and Martin Descarreaux, “Neuromechanical response to spinal manipulation therapy: effects of a constant rate of force application,” Bmc Complementary And Alternative Medicine, vol. 16, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David J Starmer, Brett P Guist, Taylor R Tuff, Sarah C Warren, and Matthew GR Williams, “Changes in Manipulative Peak Force Modulation and Time to Peak Thrust among First-Year Chiropractic Students Following a 12-Week Detraining Period,” Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Isabelle Pagé, François Nougarou, and Martin Descarreaux, “Neuromuscular response amplitude to mechanical stimulation using large-array surface electromyography in participants with and without chronic low back pain,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 27, pp. 24–29, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Shawn Engell, John J. Triano, James R. Fox, Helene M. Langevin, and Elisa E. Konofagou, “Differential displacement of soft-tissue layers from manual therapy loading,” Clinical Biomechanics, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar