Figure 4: The effect of PAE on gene expression in epididymal adipose tissue of HFD-induced obese mice. (a) Representative bands and (b) relative changes in mRNA expression levels are shown. The relative expression levels of genes were normalized against a GAPDH internal control. Values are expressed as means ± SEM (). Significant differences were observed between the ND and HFD groups: #. Significant differences were observed between the HFD and the HFD + PAE, HFD + Orlistat, or HFD + BPT groups: * and **.