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Figure 1: Effects of capsaicin on the growth of pancreatic cancer and HPNE cells. PANC-1, SW1990, and HPNE cells were incubated with 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, and 300 μmol/L capsaicin or DMSO (control) for 24 h, and cell viability was measured using CCK-8 assay with six replicates per concentration of capsaicin. Data obtained from three separate experiments are expressed as mean ± SD and analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Dunnett’s test, and compared with DMSO-treated cells.