- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Annual Issues
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 653437, 7 pages
Effects of Aging and Tai Chi on a Finger-Pointing Task with a Choice Paradigm
1Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong
2Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Received 21 November 2012; Accepted 14 January 2013
Academic Editor: Ching Lan
Copyright © 2013 William W. N. Tsang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- H. William, Perceptual and Motor Development, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA, 1983.
- A. T. Welford, “Between bodily changes and performance: some possible reasons for slowing with age,” Experimental Aging Research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 73–88, 1984.
- N. Inui, “Simple reaction times and timing of serial reactions of middle-aged and old men,” Perceptual and Motor Skills, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 219–225, 1996.
- S. L. Wolf, C. Coogler, and T. Xu, “Exploring the basis for Tai Chi Chuan as a therapeutic exercise approach,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 78, no. 8, pp. 886–892, 1997.
- J. C. Kwok, C. W. Hui-Chan, and W. W. Tsang, “Effects of aging and Tai Chi on finger-pointing toward stationary and moving visual targets,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 149–155, 2010.
- F. I. M. Craik and J. M. Jennings, “Human memory,” in Handbook of Aging and Cognition, F. I. M. Craik and A. Salthouse, Eds., pp. 51–110, Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, USA, 1992.
- K. P. Yu, Concise Dictionary of Tai Chi Chuan, Hsin Chao She, 2002.
- K. M. Chen, M. Snyder, and K. Krichbaum, “Tai Chi and well-being of Taiwanese community-dwelling elders,” Clinical Gerontologist, vol. 24, no. 3-4, pp. 137–156, 2002.
- D. W. K. Man, W. W. N. Tsang, and C. W. Y. Hui-Chan, “Do older T'ai chi practitioners have better attention and memory function?” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 1259–1264, 2010.
- H. F. K. Chiu, H. C. Lee, W. S. Chung, and P. K. Kwong, “Reliability and validity of the Cantonese version of mini-mental status examination: a preliminary study,” Hong Kong Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 25–28, 1994.
- M. F. Folstein, S. E. Folstein, and P. R. McHugh, “‘Mini mental state’. A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician,” Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 189–198, 1975.
- A. R. Elkington, H. J. Frank, and M. J. Greaney, Clinical Optics, Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK, 1999.
- W. W. N. Tsang and C. W. Y. Hui-Chan, “Effects of Tai Chi on joint proprioception and stability limits in elderly subjects,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 1962–1971, 2003.
- W. W. N. Tsang and C. W. Y. Hui-Chan, “Effect of 4- and 8-wk intensive Tai Chi training on balance control in the elderly,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 648–657, 2004.
- W. W. N. Tsang and C. W. Y. Hui-Chan, “Comparison of muscle torque, balance, and confindence in older Tai Chi and healthy adults,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 280–289, 2005.
- M. J. G. van Heuvelen, G. I. J. M. Kempen, J. Ormel, and P. Rispens, “Physical fitness related to age and physical activity in older persons,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 434–441, 1998.
- P. Pigeon, L. Yahia, A. B. Mitnitski, and A. G. Feldman, “Superposition of independent units of coordination during pointing movements involving the trunk with and without visual feedback,” Experimental Brain Research, vol. 131, no. 3, pp. 336–349, 2000.
- M. Schmid, M. Schieppati, and T. Pozzo, “Effect of fatigue on the precision of a whole-body pointing task,” Neuroscience, vol. 139, no. 3, pp. 909–920, 2006.
- J. R. Cram and G. S. Kasman, Introduction to Surface Electromyography, Aspen, Gaithersburg, Md, USA, 1998.
- A. Shumway-Cook and M. H. Woollacott, Motor Control: Translating Research into Clinical Practice, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2007.
- J. H. Yan, J. R. Thomas, G. E. Stelmach, and K. T. Thomas, “Developmental features of rapid aiming arm movements across the lifespan,” Journal of Motor Behavior, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 121–140, 2000.
- P. M. Fitts, “The information capacity of the human motor system in controlling the amplitude of movement,” Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, vol. 121, no. 3, pp. 262–269, 1992.
- C. M. Arrington and G. D. Logan, “The cost of a voluntary task switch,” Psychological Science, vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 610–615, 2004.
- M. A. Bellgrove, J. G. Phillips, J. L. Bradshaw, and R. M. Gallucci, “Response (re-)programming in aging: a kinematic analysis,” Journals of Gerontology Series A, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. M222–M227, 1998.
- J. H. Yan, “Tai Chi practice improves senior citizens' balance and arm movement control,” Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 271–284, 1998.
- Y. C. Pei, S. W. Chou, P. S. Lin, Y. C. Lin, T. H. C. Hsu, and A. M. K. Wong, “Eye-hand coordination of elderly people who practice Tai Chi Chuan,” Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 103–110, 2008.
- H. Bekkering and U. Sailer, “Commentary: Coordination of eye and hand in time and space,” in Brain's Eye: Neurobiological and Clinical Aspects of Oculomotor Research, J. Hyona, D. P. Munoz, W. Heide, and R. Radach, Eds., pp. 365–373, Elsevier, New York, NY, USA, 2002.
- W. W. N. Tsang and C. W. Y. Hui-Chan, “Effects of exercise on joint sense and balance in elderly men: Tai Chi versus golf,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 658–667, 2004.