About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 657234, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/657234
Research Article

Electroacupuncture Modulates Reproductive Hormone Levels in Patients with Primary Ovarian Insufficiency: Results from a Prospective Observational Study

1Department of Acupuncture, Guang An Men Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, No. 5 Bei Xian Ge Street, Xuan Wu District, Beijing 100053, China
2Department of Physical Therapy, Daemen College, 4380 Main Street, Amherst, NY 14226, USA

Received 23 November 2012; Revised 21 January 2013; Accepted 27 January 2013

Academic Editor: Jaung-Geng Lin

Copyright © 2013 Kehua Zhou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. J. Woad, W. J. Watkins, D. Prendergast, and A. N. Shelling, “The genetic basis of premature ovarian failure,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 242–244, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. L. M. Nelson, “Primary ovarian insufficiency,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 360, no. 6, pp. 606–614, 2009.
  3. V. K. Bakalov, J. N. Anasti, K. A. Calis et al., “Autoimmune oophoritis as a mechanism of follicular dysfunction in women with 46, XX spontaneous premature ovarian failure,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 958–965, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. W. Rebar and H. V. Connolly, “Clinical features of young women with hypergonadotropic amenorrhea,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 804–810, 1990. View at Scopus
  5. G. S. Conway, “Premature ovarian failure,” British Medical Bulletin, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 643–649, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. B. Coulam, S. C. Adamson, and J. F. Annegers, “Incidence of premature ovarian failure,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 604–606, 1986. View at Scopus
  7. K. Maclaran, E. Horner, and N. Panay, “Premature ovarian failure: long-term sequelae,” Menopause International, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 38–41, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. Cartwright, J. Robinson, and J. Rymer, “Treatment of premature ovarian failure trial: description of an ongoing clinical trial,” Menopause International, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 18–22, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. P. Cust, “Changes in practice since the publication in 2007 of further results from the Women's Health Initiative and the Million Women Study,” Menopause International, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 141–143, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. F. Qu, J. Zhou, X. Sang, X. Wang, and R. Nan, “Acupuncture and auricular acupressure in relieving menopausal hot flashes of bilaterally ovariectomized Chinese women: a randomized controlled trial,” Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2011, Article ID 713274, 8 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Frisk, S. Carlhäll, A. C. Källström, L. Lindh-Åstrand, A. Malmström, and M. Hammar, “Long-term follow-up of acupuncture and hormone therapy on hot flushes in women with breast cancer: a prospective, randomized, controlled multicenter trial,” Climacteric, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 166–174, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. I. Kim, J. C. Jeong, K. H. Kim et al., “Acupuncture for hot flushes in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women: a randomised, sham-controlled trial,” Acupuncture in Medicine, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 249–256, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. C. H. Zheng, M. M. Zhang, G. Y. Huang, and W. Wang, “The role of acupuncture in assisted reproductive technology,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 543924, 15 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. D. C. Lim, W. Chen, L. N. Cheng et al., “Acupuncture for polycystic ovarian syndrome,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol. 8, article CD007689, 2011.
  15. B. Y. Chen, “Acupuncture normalizes dysfunction of hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis,” Acupuncture and Electro-Therapeutics Research, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 97–108, 1997. View at Scopus
  16. H. Zhao, Z. Z. Tian, and B. Y. Chen, “Electroacupuncture stimulates hypothalamic aromatization,” Brain Research, vol. 1037, no. 1-2, pp. 164–170, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Ma, J. Wu, Y. Feng, and B. Chen, “Elevated estrogen receptor expression in hypothalamic preoptic area decreased by electroacupuncture in ovariectomized rats,” Neuroscience Letters, vol. 494, no. 2, pp. 109–113, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. Sunay, M. Ozdiken, H. Arslan, A. Seven, and Y. Aral, “The effect of acupuncture on postmenopausal symptoms and reproductive hormones: a sham controlled clinical trial,” Acupuncture in Medicine, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 27–31, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Z. H. Cho, S. C. Hwang, E. K. Wong et al., “Neural substrates, experimental evidences and functional hypothesis of acupuncture mechanisms,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, vol. 113, no. 6, pp. 370–377, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. L. Bai, J. Tian, C. Zhong et al., “Acupuncture modulates temporal neural responses in wide brain networks: evidence from fMRI study,” Molecular Pain, vol. 6, article 73, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. Dong, F. Lüdicke, I. Comte, A. Campana, P. Graff, and P. Bischof, “An exploratory pilot study of acupuncture on the quality of life and reproductive hormone secretion in menopausal women,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 651–658, 2001. View at Scopus
  22. E. Jedel, F. Labrie, A. Odén et al., “Impact of electro-acupuncture and physical exercise on hyperandrogenism and oligo/amenorrhea in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized controlled trial,” American Journal of Physiology—Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 300, no. 1, pp. E37–E45, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. M. Pastore, C. D. Williams, J. Jenkins, and J. T. Patrie, “True and sham acupuncture produced similar frequency of ovulation and improved LH to FSH ratios in women with polycystic ovary syndrome,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 96, no. 10, pp. 3143–3150, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. G. E. Sha, W. M. Zhao, and R. H. Ma, “The clinic study of acupuncture treatment in 76 patients with premature ovarian failure,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 4, pp. 199–201, 1999 (Chinese).
  25. WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific, WHO Standard Acupuncture Point Locations in the Western Pacific Region, World Health Organization, Manila, Philippines, 2008.
  26. N. Donoyama, S. Hotoge, and N. Ohkoshi, “Acupuncture might have contributed to improving amenorrhoea in a top athlete,” Acupuncture in Medicine, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 304–306, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. H. Wang, Y. Tanaka, H. Seki et al., “Acupuncture stimulation to the sacral segment affects state of vigilance in rats,” Neuroscience Research, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 531–537, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. D. Wang, T. B. J. Kuo, and C. C. H. Yang, “An alternative method to enhance vagal activities and suppress sympathetic activities in humans,” Autonomic Neuroscience, vol. 100, no. 1-2, pp. 90–95, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. E. Stener-Victorin, R. Kobayashi, O. Watanabe, T. Lundeberg, and M. Kurosawa, “Effect of electro-acupuncture stimulation of different frequencies and intensities on ovarian blood flow in anaesthetized rats with steroid-induced polycystic ovaries,” Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, vol. 2, article 16, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus