Table 2: Knowledge, opinion, and practice regarding TMs among the 270 respondents.

Variables and classes (%)Use of TMs in the last 12 months (%)

Uses medicinal herbs (sometimes) 231 (86)
Used herbs the last 12 months177 (66)
Used herbs for health promotion 147 (54)
Used herbs for disease prevention 94 (34)
Used herbs as cure for illness 98 (36)
Knowledge of herbs*
 None12 (4.4)2 (8.3)
 1–3 plant species94 (35)48 (51)
 >3 plant species164 (61)127 (77)
Received information on herbs
 None76 (28)34 (45)
 From family150 (56)116 (77)
 From friends, colleagues, neighbors32 (12)20 (63)
 From books3 (1)2 (67)
Illness last 12 months
 Yes174 (64)127 (73)
 No96 (36)50 (52)
Duration of illness ( )
 Acute118 (68)86 (73)
 Chronic58 (33)43 (74)
Type of illness ( )
 Cold, influenza, cough76 (44)54 (71)
 Fever20 (11)14 (70)
 Hypertension17 (10)14 (82)
 Arthritis, rheuma, joint pains,
 hernia
17 (10)6 (35)
 Headache, migraine15 (9)11 (73)
 Stomach/intestinal problems16 (9)10 (63)
 Diabetes14 (8)9 (64)
 Skin problems, wounds, rash9 (5)3 (33)
 Menstruation, uterus problems6 (3)6 (100)
 Mental and spiritual health6 (3)4 (67)
 Injuries, fractures5 (3)4 (80)
 Urinary tract problems (incl. STDs)5 (3)4 (80)
 Other 35 (20)24 (69)
Action patient ( )
 Doctor116 (81) 75 (65)
 Herbal medicine76 (44)76 (44)
 Prescription medicine52 (30)38 (73)
 Herbs + prescription medicine38 (22)38 (100)
 Religious activities18 (7)12 (67)
 Traditional healer5 (3)5 (100)
 Other (diet, rest, nothing)27 (16)11 (41)
Sends plants to The Netherlands
 Never199 (74)121 (61)
 Sometimes59 (22)44 (75)
 Regularly12 (4)12 (100)
Sources of herbs ( )
 Own garden or surroundings117 (51)90 (77)
 Family, friends65 (28)58 (89)
 Market, shop55 (24)44 (80)
 Interior of Suriname30 (13)26 (87)
 Traditional healer9 (4)6 (67)
Motives for medicinal plant use ( )
 Accustomed to using herbs92 (40)76 (83)
 Plants work better than pills71 (31)54 (76)
 Herbs are safe51 (22)39 (76)
 Less side effects52 (23)42 (81)
 Doctor or pills cannot cure my
 illness
33 (14)17 (52)
 Other (e.g., cheaper, easy access)27 (12)20 (74)
Knows traditional healer
 No178 (66)111 (62)
 Yes 92 (34)66 (72)
Quality of traditional healers
 Good125 (46)86 (69)
 Depends on healer and illness108 (40)73 (68)
 Bad18 (7)9 (50)
Attitude of traditional healer towards patients
 Good139 (51)92 (66)
 Depends on person66 (24)50 (76)
 Bad2 (1)8 (61)
Quality of conventional health care
 Good167 (62)108 (65)
 Depends on doctor and illness88 (33)64 (73)
 Bad9 (3)3 (33)
Attitude of health personnel towards patients
 Good93 (34)68 (73)
 Depends on doctor or nurse144 (53)89 (62)
 Bad30 (11)18 (60)
Opinion of doctors on traditional medicine
 Both healers and herbs accepted83 (31)60 (72)
 None accepted73 (27)43 (59)
 Depends on doctor31 (11)23 (74)
 Herbs accepted, (some) healers not27 (10)21 (78)
 Does not know doctor's opinion56 (21)30 (54)
Opinion of religion on traditional medicine
 Both healers and herbs accepted95 (35)69 (73)
 Herbs accepted, (some) healers not70 (26)46 (66)
 Does not know66 (24)40 (61)
 None accepted35 (13)19 (54)
 Depends on type of healer and
 priest
11 (4)3 (75)
Opinion of government on traditional medicine
 Both healers and herbs accepted108 (40)76 (70)
 Forbidden by law31 (11)21 (68)
 Depends on healer and politician3 (1)3 (100)
 Herbs accepted, (some) healers not7 (3)7 (6)
 Is not aware of govt. opinion116 (43)70 (60)

As most traditional medicines consist of medicinal plants, the term “herbs” is used here.
**More answers were possible so sum of percentages may be over 100%.
Variable not included in the multivariate analysis.