Table 3: Most frequently mentioned and used medicinal plant species by our study group.

Species
(voucher number)
FamilyLocal name
(Sranantongo)
Plant partUsesTimes cited (%)Used (%)

Gossypium barbadense
(TVA 4921)
MalvaceaeRedi katoen, red cottonLeavesUrinary tract problems, regulate menstruation, cleanse uterus, hypertension58 (21)37 (14)

Phyllanthus amarus
(TVA 4870)
PhyllanthaceaeFini bitaEntire plantCleanse uterus, regulate menstruation, diabetes, hypertension48 (18)34 (13)

Quassia amara
(TVA 4829)
SimaroubaceaeKwasibitaWoodFever, aphrodisiac, malaria, bitter tonic48 (18)32 (12)

Azadirachta indica
(TVA 5539)
MeliaceaeNeemLeavesHypertension, diabetes, skin problems, malaria39 (14)19 (7)

Morinda citrifolia
(TVA 4761)
RubiaceaeNoniFruitCancer, diabetes, HIV, skin problems36 (13)19 (7)

Cymbopogon citratus
(TVA 4839)
PoaceaeCitroengras, lemongrassLeavesCold, fever, cough, flu35 (13)20 (7)

Momordica charantia
(TVA 5494)
CucurbitaceaeSopropo (wild)Entire plantDiabetes, hypertension, cleanse uterus, stomach problems31 (11)16 (6)

Allium sativum AlliaceaeKnoflook, garlicBulbHypertension, diabetes, fever, spiritual problems29 (11)19 (7)

Bita (bitter tonics)Various speciesCleanse uterus, regulate menstruation29 (11)17 (6)

Peperomia pellucida
(TVA 4851)
PiperaceaeKonsaka wiwiriEntire plantEye infection, fever, asthma, nausea20 (7)12 (4)

Cocos nucifera ArecaceaeKokosnoot, coconutFruitshell, coconut milk, oilHypertension, skin problems, hair oil, cold, diarrhea17 (6)10 (4)

Eugenia uniflora
(TVA 5330)
MyrtaceaeMonkimonki kersiLeavesCold, headache, sore throat, anaemia, fever17 (6)8 (3)

Annona muricata
(TVA 5150)
AnnonaceaeZuurzakLeavesSleeplessness, depression, anxiety, heart problems16 (6)9 (3)

Scoparia dulcis
(TVA 4966)
ScrophulariaceaeSisibi wiwiriEntire plantSore throat, fever, toothache, hypertension, laxative, hepatitis16 (6)9 (3)

Aloe vera AsphodelaceaeAloe vera LeavesWounds, skin infections, rash, hair problems, malaria, diabetes13 (5)8 (3)

Psidium guajava
(TVA 5129)
MyrtaceaeGoyaveFruit, leavesDiarrhea, dysentery, fever, cold, stomach pains, cleanse uterus13 (5)6 (2)

Saccharum officinarum PoaceaeSuikerriet, ingi tjen, melasseStem, leaves, syrup, juiceCold, cough, flu, asthma, skin infection, spiritual problems12 (4)11 (4)

Citrus aurantifolia
(TVA 5132)
RutaceaeLemmetjeFruitCold, cough, flu, asthma, dysentery, skin infections12 (4)10 (4)

Bitter vegetablesVarious speciesHealth promotion, anaemia, diabetes, migraine, stress12 (4)7 (3)

Herbal bathVarious speciesSpiritual problems, good luck12 (4)7 (3)