Table 8: Recent studies on application of propolis in dentistry.

Application in dentistry
Geographic origin of propolisActivity attributedTest performedReferences

JapanInhibited glucosyltransferase activityIn vivo—rats[102]
Brazil (extracts of propolis from the states of Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná, and Rio Grande do Sul)Inhibited glucosyltransferase activityIn vitro [8]
Brazil (extracts of propolis from the states of Minas Gerais and Rio Grande do Sul)Cariostatic effectIn vivo—rats[103]
Brazil (extracts of propolis from the states of Minas Gerais and Rio Grande do Sul)Inhibited glucosyltransferase activityIn vitro [104]
Brazil (Minas Gerais state)Antibacterial activity
Inhibition of cell adherence
Inhibition of water-insoluble glucan formation
In vitro [105]
Brazil (extracts of propolis from the states of Minas Gerais and Rio Grande do Sul)Cariostatic effectHuman[106]
Brazil (extract of propolis from Bahia state)Exceptionally effective against Streptococcus mutans In vitro [107]
Apigenin and tt-farnesolGlucosyltransferase activityIn vivo—rats[108]
Apigenin and tt-farnesol (association)Cariostatic effectIn vitro [109]
Brazil (Isolated fractions)Cariostatic effectIn vitro and in vivo [110]
Brazil (Bahia state)Cariostatic effectIn vivo—rats[111]
Brazil (extracts of propolis)Cariostatic effectHuman[112]
TunisiaCariogenic activity
Inhibition oral biofilm formation
In vitro [93]
KoreaAntibacterial activityIn vitro [113]