Table 5: TCM network pharmacology for understanding the treatment principle of complex diseases.

Disease/action#Related ingredient/herb/formulaReference

T2DMTangminling pills[134]
APLRealgar-indigo naturalis formula[179]
RAYishen juanbi tablet[123]
Qing-Luo-Yin[124]
Wu Tou Tang[77]
CVDLigusticum Chuanxiong Hort., Dalbergia Odorifera T. Chen and Corydalis Yanhusuo WT Wang[83]
Radix Astragali Mongolici, Radix Puerariae Lobatae, Radix Ophiopogonis Japonici, and Radix Salviae Miltiorrhiza[120]
Compound Danshen formula[37, 180]
Astragaloside IV[119]
Salvianolic acid B[79]
Radix Curcumae formula[111]
Salvia Miltiorrhiza, Safflower, Ligustici Chuanxiong, Herba Erigerontis, Semen Persicae, Panax Notoginseng, Radix Paeoniae Rubra[181]
Tiao-Pi-Hu-Xin formula[182]
OAChuanxiong Rhizome, Paeonia Albifora Pall[113]
Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction[183]
AlzheimerGinkgo Biloba, Huperzia Serrata, Melissa Officinalis, Salvia Officinalis[184]
Anti-angiogenesisSixty-one herbal ingredients[38]
SepsisXue-Bi-Jing formula[185]
CancerKang Ai Pian[186]
Ganoderic acid D[187]
InfluenzaLonicera Japonica and Fructus Forsythiae[188]
Maxingshigan-Yinqiaosan formula[189]
HepatoprotectionYin-Chen-Hao-Tang[190]
GBSGui-Zhi-Fu-Ling capsule[191]
AWIZhike Chuanbei Pipa dropping pills[192]
CKDSixty-two herbs[193]

#T2DM: type II diabetes mellitus; APL: acute promyelocytic leukemia; RA: rheumatoid arthritis; CVD: cardiovascular disease; OA: osteoarthritis; GBS: gynecological blood stasis; AWI: airway inflammation; CKD: chronic kidney disease.