Table 3: Comparison of changes in the anthropometric, clinical, and biochemical parameters during the study period between the intervention and control groups.

Control groupIntervention groupP value

Body weight 0.220
BMI 0.092
Systolic blood pressure <0.0001*
Diastolic blood pressure 0.638
Fasting glucose <0.0001*
Insulin <0.0001*
HbA1c <0.0001*
HOMA-IR <0.0001*
HOMA-β 0.549
Triglyceride 0.591
Total cholesterol 0.121
HDL-cholesterol 0.001*
LDL-cholesterol 0.006*
SGOT 0.174
SGPT 0.619
GGT 0.329
ALP 0.069
Creatinine 0.062

Data is presented as means ± SD. versus control group. HOMA-β: homeostasis model of assessment for beta cell function; HbA1c: Hemoglobin A1c; HDL: high density lipoprotein; LDL: low density lipoprotein; TG: triglyceride; SGOT: serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase; SGPT: serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase; GGT: gamma-glutamyltransferase; ALP: alkaline phosphatase.