|Table 5: Identification of differentially expressed metabolites in the urine that may account for the discrimination between normal and model rats.|
|Observed at ES− mode [M − H]−; bobserved at ES+ mode [M + H]+. |
: content increased; ↓: content decreased.
dFold change was calculated as the ratio of the mean metabolite levels between two groups. A positive value of fold change indicates a relatively higher concentration of metabolites while a negative value of fold change indicates a relatively lower concentration of metabolites in model rats as compared to normal rats.
e values were calculated from two-tailed Mann-Whitney test with a threshold of 0.05.