Table 4: Stakeholders and their role in Swiss e-Waste management system.

StakeholdersRoles and responsibilities

Federal governmentThe federal government oversees the whole process and initiates basic guidelines and regulations.
Manufacturers/importersManufacturers have the physical responsibilities of managing daily operation of the system.
Distributors/retailersRetailers are also part of the physical responsibility of the EEE products besides manufactures.
ConsumersConsumers are responsible for returning discarded EEE to retailers or collectors.
Collector (collection points)Collection locations collect all kinds of WEEE free of charge, and are responsible for the safety of the disposed products to prevent illegal exports.
RecyclersAdministration from government is required to operate a recycling facility. Recyclers must follow minimum standards on emissions and concern employee’ health.

Source [16].