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Economics Research International
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 870714, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/870714
Research Article

Alcohol Consumption and Its Adverse Effects in Poland in Years 1950–2005

1College of Business, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA
2Department of Econometrics, University of Economics, 40-226 Katowice, Poland

Received 20 December 2010; Accepted 12 February 2011

Academic Editor: Colin C. Williams

Copyright © 2011 Agnieszka Bielinska-Kwapisz and Zofia Mielecka-Kubien. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study examines changes in alcohol consumption and its adverse effects in Poland from 1950 to 2005. First, we estimate the total alcohol demand function and test Becker and Murphy's (1988) rational addiction model. Next, we explore substitution effects between beer, wine, and spirits and report income and own- and cross-price elasticities of demand for beer, wine, and spirits. Finally, we examine some adverse effects of alcohol consumption: traffic accidents, suicide rates, and vandalism rates. In particular, the effect of lowering the blood alcohol level limit (BAC) on traffic accidents is estimated.