About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Economics Research International
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 135630, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/135630
Research Article

Health Behaviour and Health Assessment: Evidence from German Microdata

Department of Law and Economics, Institute of Public Finance, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany

Received 31 August 2011; Revised 3 November 2011; Accepted 4 November 2011

Academic Editor: Almas Heshmati

Copyright © 2012 Brit S. Schneider and Udo Schneider. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Cawley and C. Ruhm, The Economics of Risky Health Behaviors. Working Paper 17081, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 2011.
  2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, Atlanta, Ga, USA, 2004.
  3. J. Rehm, G. Gmel, C. T. Sempos, and M. Trevisan, “Alcohol-related morbidity and mortality,” Alcohol Research and Health, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 39–51, 2003. View at Scopus
  4. WHO/World Health Organization, “The Challenge of Obesity in the WHO European Region,” Fact sheet EURO/13/05, 2005.
  5. R. Sturm, “The effects of obesity, smoking, and drinking on medical problems and costs,” Health Affairs, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 245–253, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. H. Harwood, Updating Estimates of the Economic Costs of Alcohol Abuse in the United States: EstimatesMethods, and Data. Report prepared by The Lewin Group for the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Update Based on estimates, analyses, and data report. NIH Publication No. 98-4327. Rockville, Md, USA: National Institutes of Health, 1998, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services 2000.
  7. E. A. Finkelstein, J. G. Trogdon, J. W. Cohen, and W. Dietz, “Annual medical spending attributable to obesity: payer-and service-specific estimates,” Health Affairs, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. w822–w831, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  8. S. Neubauer, R. Welte, A. Beiche, H. König, K. Büsch, and R. Leidl, “Mortality, morbidity and costs attributable to smoking in Germany: update and a 10-year comparision,” Tobacco Control, vol. 15, pp. 464–471, 2006.
  9. A. Konnopka and H. H. König, “Direct and indirect costs attributable to alcohol consumption in Germany,” PharmacoEconomics, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 605–618, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. A. Konnopka, M. Bödemann, and H. H. König, “Health burden and costs of obesity and overweight in Germany,” European Journal of Health Economics, vol. 12, pp. 345–352, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  11. U. Schneider, C. Pfarr, B. S. Schneider, and V. Ulrich, “I feel good! gender differences and reporting heterogeneity in self-assessed health,” European Journal of Health Economics. In press. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  12. M. Grossman, “On the concept of health capital and the demand for health,” Journal of Political Economy, vol. 80, pp. 223–255, 1972.
  13. P. M. Krueger and V. W. Chang, “Being poor and coping with stress: health behaviors and the risk of death,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 98, no. 5, pp. 889–896, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  14. M. J. Moore and J. W. Hughes, “The health care consequences of smoking and its regulation,” Forum for Health Economics and Policy, vol. 4, pp. 31–70, 2001.
  15. W. Thefeld, “Verbreitung der Herz-Kreislauf-Risikofaktoren Hypercholesterinämie, Hypertonie und Rauchen in der Bevölkerung,” Bundesgesundheitsblatt, vol. 43, pp. 415–423, 2000.
  16. E. Conduit, A. Appels, and A. Lewis, “Cardioprotective effect of moderate drinking: possible mediation by vital exhaustion,” Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 528–532, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. A. Di Castelnuovo, S. Costanzo, V. Bagnardi, M. B. Donati, L. Iacoviello, and G. De Gaetano, “Alcohol dosing and total mortality in men and women: an updated meta-analysis of 34 prospective studies,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 166, no. 22, pp. 2437–2445, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  18. D. S. Kenkel, “Health behavior, health knowledge, and schooling,” Journal of Political Economy, vol. 99, pp. 286–305, 1991.
  19. D. S. Kenkel, “Should you eat breakfast? Estimates from health production functions,” Health Economics, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 15–29, 1995.
  20. J. P. Leigh, “Direct and indirect effects of education on health,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 227–234, 1983.
  21. H. J. M. I. Kemna, “Working conditions and the relationship between schooling and health,” Journal of Health Economics, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 189–210, 1987.
  22. D. Schofield, The Impact of Employment and Hours of Work on Health Status and Health Service Use. Discussion Paper, NATSEM, Universtiy of Canberra 1996.
  23. M. Shields, “Long working hours and health,” Perspectives on Labour and Income, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 49–56, 2000.
  24. J. Bhattacharya, J. Currie, and S. Haider, “Poverty, food insecurity, and nutritional outcomes in children and adults,” Journal of Health Economics, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 839–862, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  25. D. B. Gilleskie and A. L. Harrison, “The effect of endogenous health inputs on the relationship between health and education,” Economics of Education Review, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 279–297, 1998.
  26. B. S. Schneider, U. Schneider, and V. Ulrich, “Health and the decision to invest in education,” Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik, vol. 227, no. 5-6, pp. 725–745, 2007.
  27. C. D. Mathers and D. J. Schofield, “The health consequences of unemployment: the evidence,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 168, no. 4, pp. 178–182, 1998.
  28. S. J. Lin, “An analysis of lifestyles and health in Taiwan,” Applied Economics Letters, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 399–404, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. S. Balia and A. M. Jones, “Mortality, lifestyle and socio-economic status,” Journal of Health Economics, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 1–26, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  30. WHO/World Health Organization, “Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation,” WHO Technical Report Series, 2003.
  31. H. H. Andersen, A. Mühlbacher, M. Nübling, J. Schupp, and G. Wagner, “Computation of standard values for physical and mental health scale scores using the SOEP version of SF-12v2,” Schmollers Jahrbuch, vol. 127, pp. 171–182, 2007.
  32. Statistisches Bundesamt, Gesellschaft Sozialwissenschaftlicher Infrastruktureinrichtungen; Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung, Datenreport 2008, Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, Bonn, Germany, 2008.
  33. D. S. Kenkel, “Prevention,” in Handbook of Health Economics, A. J. Culyer and J. P. Newhouse, Eds., vol. 1, pp. 1675–1720, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2000.
  34. A. M. Jones, “Panel data methods and applications to health econometrics,” in Palgrave Handbook Palgrave Handbook of Econometrics. Volume 2: Applied Econometrics, T. Mills and K. Patterson, Eds., pp. 557–631, Palgrave MacMillan, London, UK, 2011.
  35. R. Hagan, A. M. Jones, and N. Rice, “Health shocks and the hazard rate of early retirement in the ECHP,” Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, vol. 144, pp. 323–335, 2008.
  36. C. Hernández-Quevedo, A. M. Jones, and N. Rice, “Reporting Bias and Heterogeneity in Self-Assessed Health: Evidence from the British Household Panel Survey,” HEDG Working Paper 05/04, University of York 2005.
  37. R. Disney, C. Emmerson, and M. Wakefield, “Ill health and retirement in Britain: a panel data-based analysis,” Journal of Health Economics, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 621–649, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  38. G. S. Maddala, Limited-Dependent and Qualitative Variables in Econometrics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 1983.
  39. L. Cappelari and S. P. Jenkins, “Multivariate probit regression using simulated maximum likelihood,” Stata Journal, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 278–294, 2003.
  40. J. Wilde, “Identification of multiple equation probit models with endogenous dummy regressors,” Economics Letters, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 309–312, 2000.
  41. J. S. Long, Regression Models for Categorical and Limited Dependent Variables, Sage, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 1997.
  42. J. Cawley, “Reefer madness, Frank the tank, or pretty woman: to what extent do addictive behaviors respond to incentives?” in Incentives and Choices in Health Care, F. Sloan and H. Kasper, Eds., MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 2008.
  43. T. Andreyeva, An International Comparison of Obesity in Older Adults: Effects and Risk Factors, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, Calif, USA, 2006.
  44. K. J. Mukamal, S. E. Chiuve, and E. B. Rimm, “Alcohol consumption and risk for coronary heart disease in men with healthy lifestyles,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 166, no. 19, pp. 2145–2150, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  45. A. J. Vita, R. B. Terry, H. B. Hubert, and J. F. Fries, “Aging, health risks, and cumulative disability,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 338, no. 15, pp. 1035–1041, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  46. L. G. Knapp and T. G. Seaks, “A Hausman test for a dummy variable in probit,” Applied Economics Letters, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 321–323, 1998.