Table 1: Estimation results for random cross-section effect models.

Dependent variables—mortality rates
IMCMAMSR
Independent variablesMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemale
B β

Constant81.610.00060.860.00097.770.00075.930.00031950.00023060.00048.400.00214.210.002
LRGDP−7.2150.000−5.3090.000−8.6770.000−6.7260.000−185.30.000−158.20.000−2.0220.262−0.5640.302
OPI−0.0130.134−0.0140.067−0.0120.281−0.0110.263−1.9570.000−0.7030.000−0.0960.000−0.0400.000
UDS−2.1370.002−1.2750.030−2.6300.002−1.6810.02327.070.304−0.4800.9724.7340.0010.6290.154

0.8390.7960.8190.7770.81708720.4950.635
132132132132132132126126

Dependent variables—life expectancies
LEBLE45LE65
Independent variablesMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemale
B B B

Constant42.260.00050.190.00012.260.00014.230.0002.8750.088−0.0020.999
LRGDP2.7450.0002.7800.0001.5530.0002.0620.0001.0640.0001.7740.000
OPI0.0200.0000.0120.0000.0140.0000.0080.0010.0090.0000.0060.008
UDS−0.3100.268−0.0170.934−0.3250.194−0.0760.682−0.1700.327−0.0760.645

0.8680.8940.7530.8510.7370.833
132132132132132132