- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
Economics Research International
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 231473, 10 pages
Why Did Americans Reject Compulsory Health Insurance after WWI? An Application of the Lifecycle Model
1Department of Economics, University of Regina, Regina, SK, S4S 0A2, Canada
2Department of Economics, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4, Canada
Received 31 August 2011; Accepted 2 November 2011
Academic Editor: Thanasis Stengos
Copyright © 2012 Stuart J. Wilson and J. C. Herbert Emery. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- American Association of Labor Legislation, “Health insurance—tentative draft of an act,” American Labor Legislation Review, vol. 6, pp. 239–268, 1916.
- J. C. H. Emery, “Un-American or unnecessary? America's rejection of compulsory government health insurance in the progressive era,” Explorations in Economic History, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 68–81, 2010.
- S. E. Kantor and P. V. Fishback, “Precautionary saving, insurance, and the origins of workers' compensation,” Journal of Political Economy, vol. 104, no. 2, pp. 419–442, 1996.
- S. Horrell and D. Oxley, “Work and prudence: household responses to income variation in nineteenth century Britain,” European Review of Economic History, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 27–58, 2000.
- J. A. James, M. G. Palumbo, and M. Thomas, “Consumption smoothing among working-class American families before social insurance,” Oxford Economic Papers, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 606–640, 2007.
- P. Gosden, The Friendly Societies in England 1815 to 1875, Manchester University Press, Manchester, UK, 1961.
- E. Hopkins, Working-Class Self-Help in Nineteenth-Century England, UCL Press, London, UK, 1995.
- J. Riley, Sick, Not Dead: The Health of British Working Men During the Mortality Decline, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Md, USA, 1997.
- P. Starr, The Social Transformation of American Medicine, The Rise of a Sovereign Profession and the Making of a Vast Industry, Basic Books, New York, NY, USA, 1982.
- H. A. Millis, Sickness Insurance, Chicago University Press, Chicago, Ill, USA, 1937.
- D. T. Beito, From Mutual Aid to the Welfare State: Fraternal Societies and Social Services, 1890–1967, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC, USA, 2000.
- G. Emery and J. C. H. Emery, A Young Man's Benefit: The Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Sickness Insurance in the United States and Canada 1860–1929, McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal, QC, Canada, 1999.
- B. Hoffman, The Wages of Sickness: The Politics of Health Insurance in Progressive America, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC, USA, 2001.
- D. T. Rodgers, Atlantic Crossings: Social Politics in a Progressive Age, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1998.
- A. Peebles, “The state and medicine,” Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Studies, vol. 2, pp. 464–480, 1936.
- B. B. Gilbert, “The decay of nineteenth-century provident: institutions and the coming of old age pensions in Great Britain,” Economic History Review, 2nd Series, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 551–563, 1965.
- R. Lubove, The Struggle for Social Security 1900–1935, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1968.
- I. Fisher, “The need for health insurance,” American Labor Legislation Review, vol. 7, pp. 9–23, 1917.
- D. Costa, “The political economy of state provided health insurance in the progressive era: evidence from California,” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 5328, 1995.
- S. Smiles, Thrift, Belford Brothers, Toronto, ON, Canada, 1876.
- P. Johnson, Saving and Spending, Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK, 1985.
- H. E. Leland, “Saving and uncertainty: the precautionary demand for saving,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 465–473, 1968.
- A. Sandmo, “The effect of uncertainty on saving decisions,” Review of Economic Studies, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 353–360, 1970.
- J. H. Dreze, “Consumption decisions under uncertainty,” Journal of Economic Theory, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 308–335, 1972.
- S. P. Zeldes, “Optimal consumption with stochastic income: deviations from certainty equivalence,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 104, no. 2, pp. 275–298, 1989.
- S. P. Zeldes, “Consumption and liquidity constraints: an empirical investigation,” Journal of Political Economy, vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 305–346, 1989.
- A. Deaton, “Saving and liquidity constraints,” Econometrica, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 1221–1248, 1991.
- C. D. Carroll, “Buffer-stock saving and the life cycle/permanent income hypothesis,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 1–55, 1997.
- P. O. Gourinchas and J. A. Parker, “Consumption over the life cycle,” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 7271, 1999.
- P. O. Gourinchas and J. A. Parker, “The empirical importance of precautionary savings,” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 8107, 2001.
- C. Lee, “Life-cycle saving in the United States, 1900–90,” Review of Income and Wealth, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 165–179, 2001.
- J. C. H. Emery, “From defining characteristic to vitiation of principle: the history of the IOOF's sick benefit and its implications for studying American fraternalism,” Social Science History, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 479–500, 2006.
- R. J. Gordon, Macroeconomics, Addison Wesley, Boston, Mass, USA, 9th edition, 2003.
- R. Aiyagari, “Uninsured idiosyncratic risk and aggregate saving,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 109, no. 3, pp. 659–684, 1994.
- T. F. Cooley and J. Soares, “Privatizing social security,” Review of Economic Dynamics, vol. 2, pp. 731–755, 1999.
- M. Huggett, “Wealth distribution in life-cycle economies,” Journal of Monetary Economics, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 469–494, 1996.
- S. Wilson, “A dynamic general equilibrium analysis of migration and capital formation: the case of Canada,” Review of Economic Dynamics, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 455–481, 2003.
- X. Mateos-Planas, “The demographic transition in Europe: a neoclassical dynastic approach,” Review of Economic Dynamics, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 646–680, 2002.
- J. A. Doornik, Object-Oriented Matrix Programming Using Ox, Timberlake Consultants Press and Oxford, London, UK, 3rd edition, 2002.
- J. E. Murray, Origins of American Health Insurance: A History of Industrial Sickness Funds, Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn, USA, 2007.