Table 10: Results from model 2B by gender and year (% marginal effects).

1998 2003 2008
MenWomenMenWomenMenWomen

income2 −0.396 0.132 0.0733 −0.292 0.0136 0.331
income3 −0.662** −0.298 0.489 −0.68 −0.178 −0.287
income4 −0.684** −0.184 0.094 −0.698 0.0244 −0.665***
income5 −0.775** −0.534 −0.229 −1.15* −0.65* −0.27
income6 −1.2* −1.0*** −0.0631 −1.66* −0.192 −0.227
income7 −1.18* −0.797 −0.0634 −0.998** −0.642* −0.937**
income8 −1.14* −0.361 −0.0756 −1.25* −0.721* −1.01**
income9 −1.54* −1.41** −0.0262 −1.62* −0.557** −0.839***
income10 −1.51* −1.04 −0.403 −1.63* −0.928* −0.897***
school 0.254* 0.62* 0.059 0.165** 0.025 0.0896
school2 −0.0143* −0.0555* −0.00255 −0.0217* −0.00273 −0.0161*
age 0.417* 0.840* 0.285* 0.848* 0.352* 0.978*
age2 −0.00439* −0.00984* −0.003* −0.00977* −0.00366* −0.0109*
black −1.19* −2.38* −1.02* −1.89* −0.873* −2.15*
asian −1.41*** −4.27* −0.993*** −4.86* −0.425 −2.26**
mulatto −0.251 −0.641** −0.376* −0.583** −0.47* −1.22*
married −2.06* −0.179 −1.58* −0.0775 −1.73* −1.51*
child −0.185 −1.71* 0.146 −0.149 −0.263 −0.0593
famsize −0.213* −0.386* −0.178* −0.631* −0.0891** −0.248*
headfam −0.0108* 2.69* −0.342 1.93* −0.311** 0.817*
urban 1.38* 2.24* 0.526* 1.77* 0.626* 0.29
south 0.84* 0.599*** 0.859* 2.99* 0.555* 2.96*
north −0.0371 −0.381 −1.03* −2.56* −1.50* −3.84*
central −0.144 0.501 −0.0627 −0.254 −0.423* 0.286
neast 0.458** −0.222 −0.703* −2.25* −0.881* −2.37*
physd1 2.91* 7.56* 2.12* 6.46* 2.08* 5.89*
physd2 2.87* 4.69* 2.35* 4.44* 2.63* 4.30*
physd3 4.76** 7.89* 4.62* 7.95* 4.93* 8.61*
physd4 0.993** 2.57* 1.11* 2.34* 1.21* 2.05*
physd5 3.92* 6.07* 2.35* 4.59* 2.3* 5.72*
physd6 5.27* 5.89* 3.29* 4.84* 3.23* 3.83*
physd7 3.49* 7.24* 3.17* 7.67* 2.27* 6.32*
physd8 4.59* 0.105* 3.81* 10.0* 3.59* 8.0*
physd9 3.2 0.121** 2.66*** 2.63 4.68* 10.9*
physd10 4.36* 0.0735* 2.64* 6.07* 3.53* 7.04*
physd11 7.17* 0.153* 3.87** 0.921 4.8* 14.0*

69,559 75,637 81,464 88,975 88,753 97,557
Pseudo 0.115 0.111 0.106 0.114 0.123 0.117

*denotes significance at 1%;
**denotes significance at 5%;
***denotes significance at 10%.