Table 2: Relative frequencies, depression rates, and standard errors for different groups, by gender* (%).

VariablesCategories Men (47.88%)Women (52.12%)
Rel. freq.** Dep. rate Std. Error Rel. freq.** Dep. rate Std. Error

Average family income (R$ in 2008)1° decile3.100.128.260.18
2° decile3.510.139.700.19
3° decile3.880.149.920.20
4° decile3.890.149.980.20
5° decile3.690.1310.530.21
6° decile4.120.1410.670.21
7° decile3.910.1410.660.21
8° decile3.920.1310.410.21
9° decile3.910.149.520.20
10° decile3.590.138.320.19

Years of schooling 0 or <113.224.400.1212.2211.380.19
1–313.703.850.1113.1812.170.19
4–728.614.060.0827.5311.410.13
8–1014.423.700.1113.799.340.17
11–1422.073.180.0824.287.320.11
≥157.983.160.148.996.660.18

Age 25–2917.292.040.0716.524.960.11
30–3416.142.610.0915.807.160.14
35–3915.193.180.1014.958.770.15
40–4414.203.930.1214.1510.380.17
45–4912.064.500.1312.2112.140.20
50–5410.055.120.1510.2213.150.23
55–597.845.710.198.2313.740.26
60–657.236.050.207.9214.070.27

Color White52.494.210.0654.3110.640.09
Black7.082.950.146.588.700.23
Mulatto39.863.320.0638.518.880.09
Asian 0.582.950.550.605.140.67

Married Yes74.643.460.0567.169.100.08
No25.364.650.0932.8411.240.12

Has children Yes 61.643.310.0569.749.500.07
No38.364.470.0730.2610.490.12

Position within the family Head76.853.730.0525.4613.070.1
Others23.153.870.0974.548.680.07

Number of family members14.806.330.243.4317.050.44
215.854.620.1219.1811.710.16
325.873.610.0826.6310.060.13
428.033.350.0826.928.730.12
5 14.553.330.1013.748.450.16
65.993.430.175.608.190.24
≥74.903.240.174.497.170.25

Region Northern5.822.450.115.556.600.17
Southern16.125.100.1215.8213.570.18
Southeastern44.863.900.0745.4510.040.11
Northeastern25.843.010.0725.997.600.10
Midwestern7.363.610.117.1910.430.18

Residence Urban82.833.910.0585.4910.050.07
Rural17.173.010.1014.518.340.15

Has a chronic Yes36.747.290.1046.2116.250.12
physical condition No63.261.700.0453.794.260.06

Year199828.464.780.0928.2311.320.12
200333.263.350.0733.299.560.11
200838.273.350.0738.498.900.10

Source: Data from the selected sample.
Notes: *The number of observations for men is 239,776 and for women, 262,169; **percentage relative frequencies of observations within each category.