This table shows summary statistics: average, minimum, maximum, and average CES for portfolios containing the 20, 10, and 5 worst entities ranked according to their individual CES figures. The CES is calculated according to (1): , where is the Value-at-Risk return of the market index measured at the -level of significance; denotes the number of days (observations) for which the return of the market index is lower than the VaR, that is; the number of observations that fall in the loss tail of at the used level of significance; two market indices are used: DOW and DAX, and the superscript refers to the individual companies where (i)nsurance, (b)anks}.