Table 3: Elasticity estimates by occupation and year for each specification .

194019501960197019801990

Cranemen
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level1.09*0.29−0.24*0.100.27*0.62*
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−0.98*−0.71*−0.46*−0.37*−0.74*−0.66*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−0.78*−0.33*−0.32*−0.12−0.27*−0.57*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.63*0.26−0.26*0.00−0.050.26
 Modified Heckman for “middle-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)0.18−4.54*1.49
 Modified Heckman for “high-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.770.130.110.140.11
 OLS with state-specific temporary weekly benefit index0.230.230.19−0.14−0.15−0.12

Deliverymen
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.410.110.23*0.68*0.69*
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−0.81*−0.58*−0.64*−0.97*−1.00*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−0.46*−0.44*−0.17*−0.29*−0.42*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.370.040.13*0.19*0.38*
 Modified Heckman for “middle-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)1.20*−1.25*−1.59
 Modified Heckman for “high-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.070.53*0.51*0.49*0.42*
 OLS with state-specific temporary weekly benefit index0.250.280.41*0.020.33

Machinists
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level1.00*0.52*0.11*0.010.66*0.87*
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−1.13*−0.64*−0.44*−0.54*−1.09*−0.84*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)0.07−0.31*−0.08*−0.13*−0.07−0.25*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.42*0.230.05−0.050.17*0.30*
 OLS with state-specific temporary weekly benefit index0.240.060.24*0.18*0.05−0.04
 Modified Heckman for “middle-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)0.17−0.53−0.77*4.78*−0.53−0.81*
 Modified Heckman for “high-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.580.140.28*0.18*0.44*0.52*
 OLS with state-specific temporary weekly benefit index0.240.060.24*0.18*0.05−0.04

Meat cutters
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.81*0.230.040.060.64*0.93*
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−1.16*−0.68*−0.55*−0.60*−1.10*−0.96*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−0.02−0.44*−0.19*−0.15*−0.11−0.25*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.25*−0.02−0.06−0.060.13*0.38*
 Modified Heckman for “middle-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−0.03−0.150.681.20*−1.00*−0.10
 Modified Heckman for “high-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.47*0.320.29*0.31*0.42*0.50*
 OLS with state-specific temporary weekly benefit index0.130.240.080.21*0.000.01

Millwrights
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level1.08*−0.25−0.020.210.14−0.12
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−1.04*−0.66*−0.49*−0.28*−0.49*−0.87*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−0.64*−0.35−0.230.03−0.09−0.26*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.96*−0.25−0.020.14−0.03−0.22
 Modified Heckman for “middle-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)2.88−6.36*
 Modified Heckman for “high-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.220.180.16*−0.10
 OLS with state-specific temporary weekly benefit index1.09−0.24−0.200.14−0.04−0.46

Painters
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.97*0.39*0.25*0.28*0.79*1.06*
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−1.20*−0.85*−0.65*−0.82*−1.53*−1.71*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−0.47*−0.30*−0.25*−0.14*−0.38*−0.38*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.28*0.130.000.080.25*0.36*
 Modified Heckman for “middle-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−0.53*−0.98*1.47*−0.19−0.41−0.97*
 Modified Heckman for “high-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.61*0.250.25*0.49*0.51*0.72*
 OLS with state-specific temporary weekly benefit index−0.32*0.230.060.16−0.24*0.02

Rollers (metal workers)
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level1.55*−0.330.320.040.33*0.31
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−1.18*−0.87*−0.52*−0.36*−0.56*−1.39*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−1.14*−0.82*−0.32*−0.26*−0.32*−0.23
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.99*−0.810.25−0.030.110.14
 Modified Heckman for “middle-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)
 Modified Heckman for “high-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.72−0.350.480.290.120.24
 OLS with state-specific temporary weekly benefit index0.24−1.000.11−0.20−0.140.35

Roofers
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level1.25*0.610.190.21*0.95*1.08*
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−1.42*−0.85*−0.73*−0.97*−1.47*−0.55*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−1.37*−0.82*−0.59*−0.40*−0.84*−0.79*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level1.13*0.440.060.060.52*0.68*
 Modified Heckman for “middle-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−0.870.200.430.16−0.39
 Modified Heckman for “high-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.671.390.080.240.66*0.93*
 OLS with state-specific temporary weekly benefit index0.050.30−0.080.05−0.050.00

Sawyers
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.78*0.340.25*0.130.89*1.11*
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−1.34*−0.63*−0.77*−0.84*−1.14*−1.37*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)0.06−0.80*−0.29*−0.53*−0.46*−0.68*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.57*0.180.090.030.56*0.84*
 Modified Heckman for “middle-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−0.06−0.310.09−0.010.440.23
 Modified Heckman for “high-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit level1.47*1.210.440.090.58*1.11*
 OLS with state-specific temporary weekly benefit index0.19−0.200.06−0.470.15−0.05

Welders
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level1.18*0.030.060.030.67*0.86*
 OLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−0.86*−0.59*−0.49*−0.54*−1.00*−1.33*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)−0.72*−0.53*−0.17*−0.18*−0.05−0.32*
 2SLS with individual-specific temporary weekly benefit level0.70*0.030.02−0.060.35*0.43*
 Modified Heckman for “middle-” wage workers based upon state-specific temporary weekly benefit ratio (i.e., benefit/weekly wage)0.275.49*−0.07−0.73*
 Modified Heckman for “high-” wage workers based temporary weekly benefit level upon state-specific0.71*0.230.35*0.34*0.52*0.58*
 OLS with state-specific temporary weekly benefit index0.150.070.33*0.28*0.210.09

Missing estimates indicate too few observations to estimate with reasonable precision. denotes that the elasticity is derived from a coefficient that is statistically different from zero at the 10 percent level.