Table 4: Determinants of permissiveness in 1996.

Probit modelsLinear Regression
1234 Willingness to justify
Claiming government benefits to which you are not entitledAvoiding a fare on public transportCheating on taxes if you have a chanceSomeone accepting a bribe in the course of their duties

Probability of being permissive3.61%6.81%3.60%1.51%
Man0.007−0.0140.0090.002−0.014
(0.014)(0.018)(0.014)(0.009)(0.068)
Age−0.001**−0.002***−0.001−0.002***−0.008***
(0.000)(0.001)(0.001)(0.000)(0.003)
Incomplete secondary0.002−0.0140.0080.0210.065
(0.018)(0.022)(0.020)(0.020)(0.124)
Complete secondary−0.024*−0.036*−0.017−0.011−0.144
(0.013)(0.020)(0.016) (0.010)(0.102)
University−0.023−0.047**−0.004−0.030**−0.140***
(0.016)(0.020)(0.021)(0.012)(0.038)
Single0.099**0.0100.0530.0400.246
(0.057)(0.034)(0.045) (0.042)(0.156)
Married−0.013−0.042**−0.0060.003−0.109
(0.016)(0.022)(0.016) (0.011)(0.077)
No children−0.037**0.003−0.022−0.008−0.070
(0.015)(0.029)(0.019) (0.013)(0.102)
One child−0.0010.0030.027−0.0020.068
(0.017)(0.024)(0.022) (0.012)(0.092)
Attendance−0.019−0.016−0.024*−0.025*−0.205**
(0.014)(0.024)(0.014)(0.014)(0.082)
God−0.004*−0.006*0.003−0.0010.003
(0.002)(0.003)(0.002) (0.001)(0.011)
Unemployed−0.022−0.002−0.0030.0060.074
(0.014)(0.035)(0.022) (0.020)(0.188)
Full time−0.0190.002−0.016−0.005−0.061
(0.013)(0.035)(0.013) (0.009)(0.078)
Income0.0000.0000.0030.0000.004
(0.003)(0.004)(0.003)(0.002)(0.016)
Patriotism−0.008−0.011−0.017**−0.004**−0.125*
(0.010)(0.013)(0.009)(0.007)(0.057)
Centre0.0030.0070.011−0.004−0.030
(0.015)(0.019)(0.015)(0.009)(0.086)
Right−0.010−0.039**−0.026*−0.010*−0.201*
(0.015)(0.020)(0.014) (0.009)(0.080)
Montevideo−0.0070.0120.004−0.0110.060
(0.013) (0.018)(0.013) (0.010)(0.066)
Observations884884884884884
Pseudo R-squared0.080.100.090.08
R-squared 0.08

Notes: (1) robust standard errors in parentheses.
(2) *significant at 10%; **significant at 5%; ***significant at 1%.