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Economics Research International
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 920901, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/920901
Research Article

Medical Cost and Motorcycle Helmet Law in Taiwan

1Department of Economics, National Taipei University, 151 University Road, San Shia, New Taipei 237, Taiwan
2Department of Public Finance, National Taipei University, 151 University Road, San Shia, New Taipei 237, Taiwan

Received 3 January 2012; Accepted 18 March 2012

Academic Editor: Junsen Zhang

Copyright © 2012 Chin-Shyan Chen and Tsai-Ching Liu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine whether the implementation of the helmet law had reduced the likelihood of head injury and the associated medical cost in Taiwan. Data were taken from the 1996 and 1998 population-based data. In total, 888,179 and 921,058 effective samples were used in the study from the two years. Two different types of regression model were adopted to evaluate the impact of the motorcycle helmet use law on incidences of head injury and associated medical cost and hospital length of stay. The results reveal that medical cost is down by 11.5 percent and hospital LOS has fallen by 18.58 percent. Thus, with the introduction of the motorcycle helmet use law having had a demonstrably positive influence on motorcycle head injuries and fatalities, significant savings are clearly being achieved, not only in terms of economic and social costs, but also with regard to medical cost.