Table 2: Error correction model (2). Total death rate.

Without dummy variableWith dummy variable
CoefficientStandard error -statisticCoefficientStandard error -statistic

Short-run results
 Constant1.4880.5532.6891.8730.6013.117
U −0.0450.026−3.281−0.0850.025−3.323
rGDPp −1.746 −2.061
rHEp −0.273 −0.612
 D ( )−0.1880.055−3.398−0.2380.065−3.742
 U ( )−0.0100.012−0.8649−0.0030.014−0.196
 rGDPp ( ) 1.518 0.374
 rHEp ( ) 0.001−0.226 −0.782
 Dummy0.0110.0071.529

AIC = −1.416 -square = 0.403AIC = −1.4297 -square = 0.432
SSR = 0.584 -statistic = 4.530SSR = 0.5557 -statistic = 4.369
DW = 2.660 LM -stat = 3.705DW = 2.583 LM -stat = 3.094

Long-run results
 U ( )−0.0540.064−0.836−0.01050.053−0.199
 rGDPp ( ) 1.385 0.372
 rHEp ( ) −0.188 −0.763

Note: in Tables 2 through 6, columns 1 to 3 show results without dummy, while results in columns 4 to 6 show results including the dummy allowing for a structural break. All standard errors for the long-run estimates are approximated using the Delta Method.