Table 3: Modified error correction model (3). Total death rate.

Without dummy variableWith dummy variable
CoefficientStandard error -statisticCoefficientStandard error -statistic

Short-run results
 Constant1.5740.7222.1812.3780.8312.860
 ΔU −0.0740.033−2.204−0.0720.033−2.215
 ΔrGDPp −1.292 −1.649
 ΔrHEp −0.204 −0.606
 ΔU −0.0010.034−0.028−0.0120.034−0.356
 ΔrGDPp 0.305 0.074
 ΔrHEp −0.174 −0.019
 ΔU 0.030−0.023−0.0150.030−0.495
 ΔrGDPp 0.172 −0.102
 ΔrHEp 0.136 0.408
 D ( )−0.1930.078−2.464−0.3020.097−3.106
 U ( )−0.0070.015−0.493−0.0060.0160.359
 rGDPp ( ) −0.151 0.193
 rHEp ( ) 0.0010.074 0.001−0.646
 Dummy0.0160.0091.803

AIC = −1.391 -square = 0.482 AIC = −3.055 -square = 0.770
SSR = 0.505 -statistic = 3.549 SSR = 0.059 -statistic = 4.634
DW = 2.607 LM -stat = 2.852 DW = 2.546 LM -stat = 2.829

Long-run results
 U ( ) −0.0380.078−0.487−0.0190.054−0.354
 rGDPp ( ) −0.151 0.193
 rHEp ( ) 0.073 −0.573