Table 4: Error correction model (4). Female death rate.

Without dummy variableWith dummy variable
CoefficientStandard error -statisticCoefficientStandard error -statistic

Short-run results
 Constant0.9960.3223.0961.2260.3733.288
 ΔU −0.0580.017−3.521−0.0650.017−3.737
 ΔrGDPp −2.107 −2.318
 ΔrHEp 0.338 0.566
 D ( )−0.2360.074−3.212−0.2690.078−3.445
 U ( )−0.0160.008−1.859−0.0230.010−2.221
 rGDPp ( ) −1.602 −1.992
 rHEp ( ) 0.985 1.330
 Dummy0.0590.0491.206

AIC = −2.248 -squared = 0.372AIC = −2.243 -squared = 0.391
SSR = 0.254 -statistic = 3.978SSR = 0.247 -statistic = 3.696
DW = 1.979 LM -stat = 1.308DW = 1.961 LM -stat = 1.263

Long-run results
 U (φ 2)−0.0670.028−2.382−0.0850.028−3.047
 rGDPp (φ 3) −1.604 −2.099
 rHEp (φ 4)0.001 0.947 1.297