Table 5: Error correction model (2). Male death rate.

Without dummy variableWith dummy variable
CoefficientStandard error -statisticCoefficientStandard error -statistic

Short-run results
 Constant0.8410.2902.8992.5800.5874.399
 ΔU −0.0390.018−2.193−0.0410.016−2.586
 ΔrGDPp −0.926 −0.637
 ΔrHEp 0.785 0.635
 D ( )−0.0670.040−1.674−0.3620.096−3.770
 U ( )−0.0180.007−2.618−0.0420.010−4.396
 rGDPp ( ) −2.918 −4.088
 rHEp ( ) 2.485 3.684
 Dummy−0.0220.007−3.319

AIC = −2.172 -square = 0.309AIC = −2.350 -square = 0.442
SSR = 0.274 -statistic = 2.996SSR = 0.221 -statistic = 4.557
DW = 1.542 LM -stat = 1.321DW = 1.416 LM -stat = 2.669

Long-run results
 U ( )−0.2750.173−1.593−0.1150.021−5.577
 rGDPp ( ) −1.544−1.60 −3.346
 rHEp ( )0.0040.0031.3130.001 3.069