Table 6: Modified error correction model (5). Male death rate.

Without dummy variableWith dummy variable
CoefficientStandard error -statisticCoefficientStandard error -statistic

Short-run results
 Constant1.6230.3834.2443.5430.6705.064
 ΔMD −0.0210.142−0.1470.0970.1300.743
 ΔU −0.0070.016−0.4440.0150.0160.922
 ΔrGDPp 2.014 2.808
 ΔrHEp 0.263 −0.819
 ΔMD 0.1380.1261.0970.2510.1172.151
 ΔU 0.0330.0171.9050.0460.0162.916
 ΔrGDPp 1.376 2.014
 ΔrHEp −0.570 −0.942
 ΔMD −0.2661.30E−01−2.039−0.1480.121−1.223
 ΔU 0.0220.01841.2120.0370.0172.179
 ΔrGDPp 1.807 2.305
 ΔrHEp −1.046 −1.459
 ΔMD −0.1620.1735−0.934−0.0670.156−0.432
 ΔU −0.0110.0150−0.7200.0060.0140.413
 ΔrGDPp 1.396 2.067
 ΔrHEp 0.604 0.382
 D ( )−0.1430.036−3.944−0.4860.114−4.257
 U ( )−0.020 −2.342−0.0440.011−4.094
 rGDPp ( ) −3.134 −3.893
 rHEp ( ) 2.640 3.388
 Dummy−0.0240.008−3.129

AIC = −2.804 -square = 0.693AIC = −3.055 -square = 0.770
SSR = 0.079 -statistic = 3.384SSR = 0.059 -statistic = 4.634
DW = 2.114 LM -stat = 0.167DW = 2.227 LM -stat = 1.450

Long-run results
 U ( )−0.14280.06222.2969−0.09090.01605.6657
 rGDPp ( ) 3.0661 3.2308
 rHEp ( ) −2.4998 −2.9457