Table 1: Learning strategies and their meaning as conceived in the learning pattern model.

Learning componentLearning dimensionMeaning





Processing strategies

Deep processing
 (i) Relating and structuringThe extent to which students actively relate aspects of the content
 (ii) Critical processingThe extent to which students adopt a critical angle
Stepwise processing
 (i) AnalyzingThe extent to which students methodically process the learning content
 (ii) MemorizingThe extent to which students memorize the learning content
Concrete processingThe extent to which students attempt to apply the content to concrete situations

Self regulationThe extent to which students actively steer their own learning process
  Regulation strategiesExternal regulationThe extent to which students rely on teaching staff or the learning material to steer their learning process
Lack of regulationLack of clarity on how to steer their learning process