Table 2: Means and standard deviations for the experimental conditions.

MeasuresExperimental condition
Personal-utility prompt condition Standard prompts  condition
M(SD)M(SD)

Pretest
Comprehensiona5.00(2.05)5.13(1.73)
Learning motivationb4.92(0.46)4.66(0.49)
Elicited strategiesc
Elaboration0.51(0.18)0.46(0.16)
Organization2.48(1.21)2.66(1.22)
Metacognitive strategies0.25(0.21)0.22(0.16)
Personal-utility statements0.54(0.61)0.08(0.21)
Posttest
Comprehensiona13.11(2.81)10.00(3.00)
Learning motivationb5.11(0.49)4.42(0.64)
Acceptanceb5.61(1.09)4.68(1.34)

Note. The different numbers of students in pre- and posttest were owing to the illness of students. aScores in the comprehension tests in which a maximum of 22 points was achievable. bRating scores from 1 (low value) to 7 (high value). cAverage number of strategy indicators elicited in one learning journal.