Table 1: Example items for each subscale.

Mastery goal item“It’s important to me that I learn a lot of new concepts this year”
Performance approach goal item“It’s important to me that other students at my school think I am good at my school work”
Performance avoidance goal item“One of my goals is to keep others from thinking I’m not smart”
Social mastery goal item“My goal is to have friends who really understand me”
Social demonstration approach goal item“My goal in most social situations is to impress others”
Social demonstration avoidance goal item “My goal is to avoid looking foolish in social situations”
Eudaimonia item“When I engage in this activity I feel that this is what I was meant to do”
Hedonic enjoyment item“When I engage in this activity I feel good”