Table 4: Summary of stepwise regression analysis using backward elimination approach for academic achievement goals, social goals, and hedonic enjoyment.

Initial modelβFinal modelβ

MG .179
PAP Goal .274*
PAP Goal .241*
SocDAP .217*
PAV Goal −.191
SocDG .098
SocDAP .203*
SocDAV.099

Final 𝑅 2 = 8 . 8 % ; Δ 𝑅 2 = 2 . 1 % ; final Adj 𝑅 2 = . 0 6 6 ; 𝐹 ( 2 , 1 2 7 ) = 4 . 0 8 , 𝑃 < . 0 1
* 𝑃 < . 0 5 ; ** 𝑃 < . 0 1 .
Note: MG: mastery goals; PAP Goal: performance approach goal; PAV goal: performance avoidance goal; SocDG: social development goals; SocDAP: social demonstration approach goal; SocDAV: social demonstration avoidance goal.