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Epilepsy Research and Treatment
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 819859, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/819859
Research Article

Beliefs and Attitudes about Childhood Epilepsy among School Teachers in Two Cities of Southeast Brazil

1Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurociências, Departamento de Neurociências e Ciências do Comportamento e Hospital das Clínicas de Ribeirão Preto da FMRP-USP, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, 4° andar, sala 434, Campus Universitário, 14048-900 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
2Departamento de Terapia Ocupacional, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Rodovia Washington Luis, Km 235, São Carlos 13565-905, SP, Brazil
3Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurologia e Neurociências, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua Marquês do Paraná 303, Niterói 24030-210, RJ, Brazil

Received 29 November 2011; Revised 15 March 2012; Accepted 19 April 2012

Academic Editor: Josemir W. Sander

Copyright © 2012 Karina Piccin Zanni et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Childhood epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder associated with profound psychosocial limitations epileptic children's routine. Lack of information and inappropriate beliefs are still the factors that most contribute to the stigma and discrimination. This study aimed at characterizing teacher's beliefs and attitudes at regular and special schools in two cities of southeastern Brazil where students with epilepsy studied. Fifty-six teachers of public regular schools and specialized educational institutions for children with disabilities from two cities of Southeast Brazil who had epileptic children in their classroom completed the Brazilian version of The Epilepsy Beliefs and Attitudes Scale: Adult Version and answered a data sheet about sociodemographic characteristics. The results showed that no significant differences ( ) have been found between the beliefs and attitudes of teachers in mainstream and special schools but both schoolteachers had more inappropriate beliefs and attitudes than appropriate ones against childhood epilepsy. These findings raise an important issue, providing us with the knowledge that epilepsy is still a condition which is surrounded by wrong beliefs. Also, educational programs could help reduce the gaps in knowledge about how such disease has been perceived worldwide.