- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
Epilepsy Research and Treatment
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 614685, 5 pages
Controversial Issues on EEG after Sleep Deprivation for the Diagnosis of Epilepsy
1Section of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, I56126 Pisa, Italy
2Neurology Unit of the Department of Neuroscience, AOUP, I56126 Pisa, Italy
3Sleep & Epilepsy Center, Neurocenter of the Civic Hospital (EOC) of Lugano, 6900 Lugano, Switzerland
Received 13 May 2013; Accepted 30 May 2013
Academic Editor: Andrea Romigi
Copyright © 2013 Filippo Sean Giorgi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- M. Langdon-Down and W. Russell Brain, “Time of day in relation to convulsions in epilepsy,” The Lancet, vol. 213, no. 5516, pp. 1029–1032, 1929.
- D. JANZ, “The grand mal epilepsies and the sleeping-waking cycle,” Epilepsia, vol. 3, pp. 69–109, 1962.
- L. Parrino, P. Halasz, C. A. Tassinari, and M. G. Terzano, “CAP, epilepsy and motor events during sleep: the unifying role of arousal,” Sleep Medicine Reviews, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 267–285, 2006.
- A. Del Felice, A. Fiaschi, G. L. Bongiovanni, S. Savazzi, and P. Manganotti, “The sleep-deprived brain in normals and patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy: a perturbational approach to measuring cortical reactivity,” Epilepsy Research, vol. 96, no. 1-2, pp. 123–131, 2011.
- S. Kubicki, W. Scheuler, and H. Wittenbecher, “Short-term sleep EEG recordings after partial sleep deprivation as a routine procedure in order to uncover epileptic phenomena: an evaluation of 719 EEG recordings,” Epilepsy research. Supplement, vol. 2, pp. 217–230, 1991.
- M. A. King, M. R. Newton, G. D. Jackson et al., “Epileptology of the first-seizure presentation: a clinical, electroencephalographic, and magnetic resonance imaging study of 300 consecutive patients,” Lancet, vol. 352, no. 9133, pp. 1007–1011, 1998.
- J. Liporace, W. Tatum IV, G. Lee Morris III, and J. French, “Clinical utility of sleep-deprived versus computer-assisted ambulatory 16-channel EEG in epilepsy patients: a multi-center study,” Epilepsy Research, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 357–362, 1998.
- R. Peraita-Adrados, L. Gutierrez-Solana, M. L. Ruiz-Falcó, and J. J. García-Peñas, “Nap polygraphic recordings after partial sleep deprivation in patients with suspected epileptic seizures,” Neurophysiologie Clinique, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 34–39, 2001.
- F. S. Giorgi, D. Perini, M. Maestri, et al., “Usefulness of a simple sleep-deprived EEG protocol for epilepsy diagnosis in de novo subjects,” Clinical Neurophysiology. In press.
- B. Roth, S. Nevsímalová, and N. Rothová, “Activation of EEG recordings by graded sleep deprivation,” Schweizer Archiv für Neurologie und Psychiatrie, vol. 137, no. 3, pp. 17–38, 1986.
- J. A. Carpay, A. W. de Weerd, R. J. Schimsheimer et al., “The diagnostic yield of a second EEG after partial sleep deprivation: a prospective study in children with newly diagnosed seizures,” Epilepsia, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 595–599, 1997.
- S. Liamsuwan, P. Grattan-Smith, E. Fagan, A. Bleasel, and J. Antony, “The value of partial sleep deprivation as a routine measure in pediatric electroencephalography,” Journal of Child Neurology, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 26–29, 2000.
- D. L. Gilbert, S. Deroos, and M. A. Bare, “Does sleep or sleep deprivation increase epileptiform discharges in pediatric electroencephalograms?” Pediatrics, vol. 114, no. 3, pp. 658–662, 2004.
- E. Shahar, J. Genizi, S. Ravid, and A. Schif, “The complementary value of sleep-deprived EEG in childhood onset epilepsy,” European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 308–312, 2010.
- S. T. DeRoos, K. L. Chillag, M. Keeler, and D. L. Gilbert, “Effects of sleep deprivation on the pediatric electroencephalogram,” Pediatrics, vol. 123, no. 2, pp. 703–708, 2009.
- R. Degen and H.-E. Degen, “A comparative study of the diagnostic value of drug-induced sleep EEGs and sleep EEGs following sleep deprivation in patients with complex partial seizures,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 225, no. 2, pp. 85–93, 1981.
- P. Halász, J. Filakovszky, A. Vargha, and G. Bagdy, “Effect of sleep deprivation on spike-wave discharges in idiopathic generalised epilepsy: a 4 × 24 h continuous long term EEG monitoring study,” Epilepsy Research, vol. 51, no. 1-2, pp. 123–132, 2002.
- W. A. Hofstra and A. W. de Weerd, “The circadian rhythm and its interaction with human epilepsy: a review of literature,” Sleep Medicine Reviews, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 413–420, 2009.
- R. Degen and H. E. Degen, “Sleep and sleep deprivation in epileptology,” Epilepsy Research. Supplement, vol. 2, pp. 235–260, 1991.
- J. P. Leach, L. J. Stephen, C. Salveta, and M. J. Brodie, “Which electroencephalography (EEG) for epilepsy? The relative usefulness of different EEG protocols in patients with possible epilepsy,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 77, no. 9, pp. 1040–1042, 2006.
- A. J. Rowan, R. J. Veldhuisen, and N. J. D. Nagelkerke, “Comparative evaluation of sleep deprivation and sedated sleep EEGs as diagnostic aids in epilepsy,” Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 357–364, 1982.
- R. Veldhuizen, C. D. Binnie, and D. J. Beintema, “The effect of sleep deprivation on the EEG in epilepsy,” Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 505–512, 1983.
- R. Gandelman-Marton and J. Theitler, “When should a sleep-deprived EEG be performed following a presumed first seizure in adults?” Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, vol. 124, no. 3, pp. 202–205, 2011.
- R. H. Mattson, K. L. Pratt, and J. R. Calverley, “Electroencephalograms of epileptics following sleep deprivation,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 310–315, 1965.
- K. L. Pratt, N. J. Weikers, R. H. Mattson, and R. W. Williams, “EEG activation after sleep deprivation,” Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 86–87, 1967.
- B. Clemens, “Timing discontinuation of antiepileptic treatment in childhood epilepsies—the role of the sleep deprivation EEG: a preliminary study,” Japanese Journal of Psychiatry and Neurology, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 85–88, 1989.
- T. N. Thomaides, E. P. Kerezoudi, K. Ray Chaudhuric, and C. Cheropoulos, “Study of EEGs following 24-Hour sleep deprivation in patients with posttraumatic epilepsy,” European Neurology, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 79–82, 1992.
- G. Scollo-Lavizzari, W. Pralle, and N. de la Cruz, “Activation effects of sleep deprivation and sleep in seizure patients. An electroencephalographic study,” European Neurology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 1975.
- D. S. Roby and J. O. Greenberg, “Sleep deprivation and electroencephalographic abnormalities,” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 542–543, 1978.
- A. Tartara, A. Moglia, R. Manni, and C. Corbellini, “EEG findings and sleep deprivation,” European Neurology, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 330–334, 1980.
- R. Degen, “A study of the diagnostic value of waking and sleep EEGs after sleep deprivation in epileptic patients on anticonvulsive therapy,” Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 49, no. 5-6, pp. 577–584, 1980.
- R. Degen, H.-E. Degen, and M. Reker, “Sleep EEG with or without sleep deprivation? Does sleep deprivation activate more epileptic activity in patients suffering from different types of epilepsy?” European Neurology, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 51–59, 1987.
- H. Gastaut, M. Gomez-Almanzar, and M. Taury, “The enforced nap: a simple effective method of inducing sleep activation in epileptics,” Epilepsy Research. Supplement, vol. 2, pp. 31–36, 1991.
- N. B. Fountain, J. S. Kim, and S. I. Lee, “Sleep deprivation activates epileptiform discharges independent of the activating effects of sleep,” Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 69–75, 1998.
- S. C. Roupakiotis, S. D. Gatzonis, N. Triantafyllou et al., “The usefulness of sleep and sleep deprivation as activating methods in electroencephalographic recording: contribution to a long-standing discussion,” Seizure, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 580–584, 2000.
- M. R. Geller, N. Gourdji, N. Christoff, and E. Fox, “The effects of sleep deprivation on the EEGs of epileptic children,” Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 771–776, 1969.
- J. R. Schwarz and W. H. Zangemeister, “The diagnostic value of the short sleep EEG and other provocative methods following sleep deprivation,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 218, no. 3, pp. 179–186, 1978.
- R. Degen, H. E. Degen, and C. Marshall, “The activating effect of sleep EEGs in epileptic patients with epileptic activity in their waking EEGs,” Schweizer Archiv für Neurologie und Psychiatrie, vol. 137, no. 2, pp. 5–13, 1986.
- M. E. Drake Jr., A. Pakalnis, B. B. Phillips, and L. S. Denio, “Sleep and sleep deprived EEG in partial and generalized epilepsy,” Acta Neurologica Belgica, vol. 90, no. 1, pp. 11–19, 1990.
- R. Degen and H. E. Degen, “The diagnostic value of the sleep EEG with and without sleep deprivation in patients with atypical absences,” Epilepsia, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 557–566, 1983.
- M. Molaie and A. Cruz, “The effect of sleep deprivation on the rate of focal interictal epileptiform discharges,” Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 288–292, 1988.
- E. L. So, K. H. Ruggles, P. A. Ahmann, P. Trudeau, and K. Weatherford, “Yield of sphenoidal recording in sleep-deprived outpatients,” Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 226–230, 1994.
- B. A. Malow, E. Passaro, C. Milling, D. N. Minecan, and K. Levy, “Sleep deprivation does not affect seizure frequency during inpatient video-EEG monitoring,” Neurology, vol. 59, no. 9, pp. 1371–1374, 2002.
- P. Manganotti, L. G. Bongiovanni, G. Fuggetta, G. Zanette, and A. Fiaschi, “Effects of sleep deprivation on cortical excitability in patients affected by juvenile myoclonic epilepsy: a combined transcranial magnetic stimulation and EEG study,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 56–60, 2006.
- G. Scollo-Lavizzari, W. Pralle, and E. W. Radue, “Comparative study of efficacy of waking and sleep recordings following sleep deprivation as an activation method in the diagnosis of epilepsy,” European Neurology, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 121–123, 1977.
- B. El-Ad, M. Y. Neufeld, and A. D. Korczyn, “Should sleep EEG record always be performed after sleep deprivation?” Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 313–315, 1994.
- J. S. Duncan, “Antiepileptic drugs and the electroencephalogram,” Epilepsia, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 259–266, 1987.
- F. Placidi, M. Tombini, A. Romigi et al., “Topiramate: effect on EEG interictal abnormalities and background activity in patients affected by focal epilepsy,” Epilepsy Research, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 43–52, 2004.
- M. G. Marciani, F. Spanedda, M. A. Bassetti et al., “Effect of lamotrigine on EEG paroxysmal abnormalities and background activity: a computerized analysis,” British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 621–627, 1996.
- C. A. Marsan and L. S. Zivin, “Factors related to the occurrence of typical paroxysmal abnormalities in the EEG records of epileptic patients,” Epilepsia, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 361–381, 1970.
- M. Salinsky, R. Kanter, and R. M. Dasheiff, “Effectiveness of multiple EEGs in supporting the diagnosis of epilepsy: an operational curve,” Epilepsia, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 331–334, 1987.
- N. Dericioglu, A. I. Colpak, A. Ciger, and S. Saygi, “The yield of preoperative sequential routine scalp EEGs in patients who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy for mesial temporal sclerosis,” Clinical EEG & Neuroscience, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 166–169, 2010.