About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Geography Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 178021, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/178021
Research Article

Morphometric Analysis to Infer Hydrological Behaviour of Lidder Watershed, Western Himalaya, India

Department of Earth Sciences, University of Kashmir, Hazratbal, Srinagar, Kashmir 190006, India

Received 17 January 2013; Revised 1 March 2013; Accepted 3 March 2013

Academic Editor: Biswajeet Pradhan

Copyright © 2013 Farrukh Altaf et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. S. Agarwal, “Study of drainage pattern through aerial data in Naugarh area of Varanasi district, U.P.,” Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 169–175, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. G. E. Obi Reddy, A. K. Maji, and K. S. Gajbhiye, “GIS for morphometric analysis of drainage basins,” GIS India, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 9–14, 2002.
  3. V. Pakhmode, H. Kulkarni, and S. B. Deolankar, “Hydrological-drainage analysis in watershed-programme planning: a case from the Deccan basalt, India,” Hydrogeology Journal, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 595–604, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. B. Leopold and T. Maddock, “The hydraulic geometry of stream channels and some physiographic implications,” USGS Professional Paper, vol. 252, pp. 1–57, 1953.
  5. A. D. Abrahams, “Channel networks: a geomorphological perspective,” Water Resources Research, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 161–168, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. S. Singh, “Quantitative geomorphology of the drainage basin,” in Readings on Remote Sensing Applications, T. S. Chouhan and K. N. Joshi, Eds., Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India, 1992.
  7. R. A. Dar, R. Chandra, and S. A. Romshoo, “Morphotectonic and lithostratigraphic analysis of intermontane Karewa basin of Kashmir Himalayas, India,” Journal of Mountain Science, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 731–741, 2013.
  8. S. A. Romshoo, S. A. Bhat, and I. Rashid, “Geoinformatics for assessing the morphometric control on hydrological response at watershed scale in the Upper Indus basin,” Journal of Earth System Science, vol. 121, no. 3, pp. 659–686, 2012.
  9. A. N. Strahler, “Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basins and channel networks,” in Handbook of Applied Hydrology, V. T. Chow, Ed., section 4–11, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1964.
  10. A. Strahler, “Quantitative analysis of watershed geomorphology,” Transactions American Geophysical Union, vol. 38, pp. 913–920, 1957.
  11. J. Krishnamurthy, G. Srinivas, V. Jayaraman, and M. G. Chandrasekhar, “Influence of rock types and structures in the development of drainage networks in typical hardrock terrain,” ITC Journal, no. 3-4, pp. 252–259, 1996. View at Scopus
  12. A. K. Das and S. Mukherjee, “Drainage morphometry using satellite data and GIS in Raigad district, Maharashtra,” Journal of the Geological Society of India, vol. 65, no. 5, pp. 577–586, 2005. View at Scopus
  13. S. S. Vittala, S. Govindaih, and H. H. Gowda, “Morphometric analysis of sub-watershed in the Pavada area of Tumkur district, South India using remote sensing and GIS techniques,” Journal of Indian Remote Sensing, vol. 32, pp. 351–362, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. S. K. Nag, “Morphometric analysis using remote sensing techniques in the Chaka subbasin Purulia district, West Bengal,” Journal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing, vol. 26, no. 1-2, pp. 69–76, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. A. M. Y. Esper, “Morphometric analysis of Colanguil river basin and flash flood hazard, San Juan Argentina,” Environmental Geology, vol. 55, pp. 107–111, 2008.
  16. T. N. Bhagwat, A. Shetty, and V. S. Hegde, “Spatial variation in drainage characteristics and geomorphic instantaneous unit hydrograph (GIUH); implications for watershed management-A case study of the Varada River basin, Northern Karnataka,” Catena, vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 52–59, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. N. R. Bhaskar, B. P. Parida, and A. K. Nayak, “Flood estimation for ungauged catchments using the GIUH,” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, vol. 123, no. 4, pp. 228–237, 1997. View at Scopus
  18. S. K. Jain, R. D. Singh, and S. M. Seth, “Design flood estimation using GIS supported GIUH approach,” Water Resources Management, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 369–376, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Suresh, S. Sudhakara, K. N. Tiwari, and V. M. Chowdary, “Prioritization of watersheds using morphometric parameters and assessment of surface water potential using remote sensing,” Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, vol. 32, no. 3, 2004.
  20. S. A. Bhat and S. A. Romshoo, “Digital elevation model based watershed characteristics of upper watersheds of Jhelum basin,” Journal of Applied Hydrology, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 23–34, 2009.
  21. J. F. O’Callaghan and D. M. Mark, “The extraction of drainage networks from digital elevation data,” Computer Vision, Graphics, and Image Processing, vol. 28, pp. 323–344, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. R. E. Horton, “Erosional development of streams and their drainage basins: hydrophysical approach to quantitative morphology,” Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol. 56, pp. 275–370, 1945. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. S. A. Schumms, “Evolution of drainage systems and slopes in Badlands at Perth Amboy, New Jersey,” Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, vol. 67, pp. 597–646, 1956. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. R. E. Horton, “Drainage basin characteristics,” Transactions American Geophysical Union, vol. 13, pp. 350–361, 1932.
  25. V. C. Miller, “A Quantitative geomorphic study of drainage basin characteristics in the Clinch Mountain area, Virginia and Tennessee,” Tech. Rep. 3 NR 389-402, Columbia University, Department of Geology, ONR, New York, NY, USA, 1953.
  26. K. Pareta and U. Pareta, “Quantitative morphometric analysis of a watershed of Yamuna basin, India using ASTER (DEM) data and GIS,” International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, vol. 2, no. 1, 2011.
  27. M. Sameena, J. Krishnamurthy, V. Jayaraman, and G. Ranganna, “Evaluation of drainage networks developed in hard rock terrain,” Geocarto International, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 397–420, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. Faniran, “The index of drainage intensity—a provisional new drainage factor,” Australian Journal of Science, vol. 31, pp. 328–330, 1968.
  29. I. Rashid and S. A. Romshoo, “Impact of anthropogenic activities on water quality of Lidder River in Kashmir Himalayas,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. M. Raza, A. Ahmed, and A. Mohammad, The Valley of Kashmir—A Geographical Interpretation, Vol. I, the Land, Vikas Publishing, New Delhi, India, 1978.
  31. V. M. Meher, “The climate of Srinagar and its variability,” Geographical Review of India, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 1971.
  32. B. M. Engelhardt, P. J. Weisberg, and J. C. Chambers, “Influences of watershed geomorphology on extent and composition of riparian vegetation,” Journal of Vegetation Science, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 127–139, 2011.
  33. J. E. Costa, “Hydraulics and basin morphometry of the largest flash floods in the conterminous United States,” Journal of Hydrology, vol. 93, no. 3-4, pp. 313–338, 1987. View at Scopus
  34. S. Singh and M. C. Singh, “Morphometric analysis of Kanhar river basin,” The National Geographical Journal of India, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 31–43, 1997.
  35. W. Luo and J. M. Harlin, “A theoretical travel time based on watershed hypsometry,” Journal of the American Water Resources Association, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 785–792, 2003. View at Scopus
  36. J. M. Harlin, “The effect of precipitation variability on drainage basin morphometry,” American Journal of Science, vol. 280, no. 8, pp. 812–825, 1980. View at Scopus
  37. J. M. Harlin, “Watershed morphometry and time to hydrograph peak,” Journal of Hydrology, vol. 67, no. 1-4, pp. 141–154, 1984. View at Scopus
  38. S. A. Romshoo, “Geostatistical analysis of soil moisture measurements and remotely sensed data at different spatial scales,” Environmental Geology, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 339–349, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. S. A. Romshoo, M. Koike, S. Hironaka, O. Oki, and K. Musiake, “Influence of surface and vegetation characteristics on C-band radar measurements for soil moisture content,” Journal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 229–244, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  40. D. R. Montgomery and W. E. Dietrich, “Source areas, drainage density, and channel initiation,” Water Resources Research, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 1907–1918, 1989. View at Scopus
  41. D. R. Montgomery and W. E. Dietrich, “Channel initiation and the problem of landscape scale,” Science, vol. 255, no. 5046, pp. 826–830, 1992. View at Scopus
  42. E. M. Ghoneim, N. W. Arnell, and G. M. Foody, “Characterizing the flash flood hazards potential along the Red Sea coast of Egypt,” IAHS-AISH Publication, no. 271, pp. 211–216, 2002. View at Scopus
  43. M. Diakakis, “A method for flood hazard mapping based on basin morphometry: application in two catchments in Greece,” Natural Hazards, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 803–814, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. P. C. Patton and V. R. Baker, “Morphometry and floods in small drainage basins subject to diverse hydrogeomorphic controls,” Water Resources Research, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 941–952, 1976. View at Scopus
  45. A. D. Howard, “Role of hypsometry and planform in basin hydrologic response,” Hydrological Processes, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 373–385, 1990. View at Scopus
  46. K. Rakesh, A. K. Lohani, K. Sanjay, C. Chatterjee, and R. K. Nema, “GIS based morphometric analysis of Ajay river basin upto Srarath gauging site of South Bihar,” Journal of Applied Hydrology, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 45–54, 2000.
  47. B. Dodov and E. Foufoula-Georgiou, “Fluvial processes and streamflow variability: interplay in the scale-frequency continuum and implications for scaling,” Water Resources Research, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1–18, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. L. C. Gottschalk, “Reservoir sedimentation,” in Handbook of Applied Hydrology, V. T. Chow, Ed., section 7-1, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1964.
  49. B. A. Dodov and E. Foufoula-Georgiou, “Floodplain morphometry extraction from a high-resolution digital elevation model: a simple algorithm for regional analysis studies,” IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 410–413, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. P. C. Patton, “Drainage basin morphometry and floods,” in Flood Geomorphology, pp. 51–64, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1988.
  51. V. Gardiner and C. C. Park, “Drainage basin morphometry,” Progress in Physical Geography, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1–35, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  52. W. B. Langbein, “Topographic characteristics of drainage basins,” U.S. Geological Survey. Water-Supply Paper, vol. 986, pp. 157–159, 1947.
  53. W. Luo, “Quantifying groundwater-sapping landforms with a hypsometric technique,” Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets, vol. 105, no. 1, pp. 1685–1694, 2000. View at Scopus
  54. J. M. Harlin and C. Wijeyawickrema, “Irrigation and groundwater depletion in Caddo county, Oklahoma,” Journal of the American Water Resources Association, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 15–22, 1985. View at Scopus
  55. K. G. Smith, “Standards for grading textures of erosional topography,” American Journal of Science, vol. 248, pp. 655–668, 1950. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  56. M. Y. Esper Angillieri, “Morphometric analysis of Colangüil river basin and flash flood hazard, San Juan, Argentina,” Environmental Geology, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 107–111, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. A. M. Youssef, B. Pradhan, and A. M. Hassan, “Flash flood risk estimation along the St. Katherine road, southern Sinai, Egypt using GIS based morphometry and satellite imagery,” Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 611–623, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. A. D. Howard, “Role of hypsometry and planform in basin hydrologic response,” Hydrological Processes, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 373–385, 1990. View at Scopus
  59. R. C. Kochel, “Geomorphic impact of large floods: review and new perspectives on magnitude and frequency,” in Flood Geomorphology, pp. 169–187, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1988.
  60. G. E. Tucker and R. L. Bras, “Hillslope processes, drainage density, and landscape morphology,” Water Resources Research, vol. 34, no. 10, pp. 2751–2764, 1998. View at Scopus
  61. M. Borga, et al., “Real time guidance for flash flood risk management,” FLOOD Site Research Project Report T16, 2008.
  62. K. W. Potter and E. B. Faulkner, “Catchment response time as a predictor of flood quantiles,” Journal of the American Water Resources Association, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 857–861, 1987. View at Scopus
  63. R. C. Ward and M. Robinson, Principles of Hydrology, McGraw-Hill, Maidenhead, UK, 4th edition, 2000.
  64. S. Shulits, “Quantitative formulation of stream and watershed morphology,” Bulletin of the International Association of Scientific Hydrology, vol. 3, pp. 201–207, 1968.
  65. A. Demoulin, “Basin and river profile morphometry: a new index with a high potential for relative dating of tectonic uplift,” Geomorphology, vol. 126, no. 1-2, pp. 97–107, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. T. B. Altin and B. N. Altin, “Drainage morphometry and its influence on landforms in volcanic terrain, Central Anatolia, Turkey,” Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 19, pp. 732–740, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  67. M. Rashid, M. A. Lone, and S. A. Romshoo, “Geospatial tools for assessing land degradation in Budgam district, Kashmir Himalaya, India,” Journal of Earth System Science, vol. 120, no. 3, pp. 423–433, 2011. View at Scopus
  68. S. Zaz and S. A. Romshoo, “Assessing the geoindicators of land degradation in the Kashmir Himalayan Region, India,” Natural Hazards, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 1219–1245, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar