Table 1: Demographic data of different groups.

ItemsHealthy controlChronic liver diseaseIndependent sample t test or
Chi-square

Age (mean ± SD, yr)53.4 ± 12.753.8 ± 13.4
Male/female (n)57/34229/163
Paired/single (n)88/3374/18
Educational level (mean ± SD, yr) 11.5 ± 3.4 11.2 ± 3.2
Etiologies of chronic liver diseaseNo cirrhosisCirrhosis
CACBCC
AIH17287
ALD6152521
CHB49172019
CHC2811195
PBC3111193
Unknown365
Present ascites143
Present varices181

AIH: autoimmune hepatitis, ALD: alcoholic lLiver disease, CHB: chronic hepatitis B, CHC: chronic hepatitis C, PBC: primary biliary cirrhosis. CA: cirrhosis Class A, CB: cirrhosis Class B, CC: cirrhosis Class C.