Table 1: Characteristics of 333 gastroduodenal ulcer bleeding patients included in the retrospective analysis.

CharacteristicPantoprazole ( )Saline ( )P value

Age—year63.4 ± 15.266.0 ± 13.40.12

Male sex—number (%)175 (72.9%)59 (63.4%)0.08

Hemoglobin—g/dL95.3 ± 30.196.8 ± 30.40.68

Shock symptoms—number of patient (%)22 (9.2%)3 (3.2%)0.06

Coexisting illness—number of patients (%)
 Cirrhosis40 (16.6%)16 (17.2%)0.90
 Cardiovascular146 (60.8%)58 (62.3%)0.79

Helicobacter pylori infection—number of patients (%)73 (30.4%)33 (35.4%)0.37

Risk factors for bleeding—number of patients (%)
 NSAID and/or aspirin120 (50.0%)42 (45.2%)0.42
 Anticoagulant19 (7.9%)8 (8.6%)0.83
 Previous gastroduodenal ulcer74 (30.8%)28 (30.1%)0.89

Source of bleeding
 Duodenal ulcer128 (53.3%)47 (50.5%)0.64
 Gastric ulcer112 (46.7%)46 (49.5%)0.64

Symptom at presentation—number of patients (%)
 Melena177 (73.7%)65 (69.9%)0.47
 Hematemesis111 (46.2%)36 (38.7%)0.21
 Both60 (25.0%)16 (17.2%)0.12

Duration of infusion before endoscopy (hours)6.9 ± 13.25.45 ± 12.90.29