287173.fig.008a
(a)
287173.fig.008b
(b)
287173.fig.008c
(c)
287173.fig.008d
(d)
Figure 8: (a) Ex vivo blood flow animal model (Johnson & Johnson, Tokyo, Japan) for training for endoscopic hemostasis in colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection. (b) Submucosal dissection was performed. (c) In the ex vivo blood flow model (bovine cecum), the submucosal vessels were visible. (d) Perioperative hemorrhage was stopped endoscopic coagulation with a knife.