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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 304723, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/304723
Review Article

Novel Imaging Enhancements in Capsule Endoscopy

Erasme Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium

Received 3 March 2013; Revised 29 May 2013; Accepted 4 June 2013

Academic Editor: Jan Bureš

Copyright © 2013 Mostafa Ibrahim and Andre Van Gossum. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Video capsule endoscopy that was launched 10 years ago has become a first-line procedure for examining the small bowel. The most common indications for capsule endoscopy are obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, Crohn's disease, polyposis syndromes, and evaluation of patients with complicated celiac disease. The ideal capsule should improve the quality of the image and have a faster frame rate than the currently available one. There should be a therapeutic capsule capable of performing a biopsy, aspirating fluid, delivering drugs, and measuring the motility of the small bowel wall. Another major leap forward would be the capability of remote control of capsule's movement in order to navigate it to reach designated anatomical areas for carrying out a variety of therapeutic options. Technology for improving the capability of the future generation capsules almost within grasp and it would not be surprising to witness the realization of these giant steps within the coming decade. In this review we will focus on the current clinical applications of capsule endoscopy for imaging of the small bowel and colon and will additionally give an outlook on future concepts and developments of capsule endoscopy.