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Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 462891, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/462891
Clinical Study

Hyponatremia Is a Specific Marker of Perforation in Sigmoid Diverticulitis or Appendicitis in Patients Older Than 50 Years

1Department of General, Visceral, Vascular, and Thoracic Surgery, Hospital of Liestal of The University of Basel, Rheinstrasse 26, 4410 Liestal, Switzerland
2Department of General, Visceral and Trauma Surgery, Hospital Center of Oberwallis (SZO), Pflanzettastrasse 6, 3930 Visp, Switzerland
3Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Center of Oberwallis (SZO), Pflanzettastrasse 6, 3930 Visp, Switzerland

Received 2 December 2012; Revised 11 January 2013; Accepted 12 January 2013

Academic Editor: Paolo Gionchetti

Copyright © 2013 S. A. Käser et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. This study aimed to evaluate symptoms and signs, inflammation markers, electrolytes, and ECG signs of increased vagal tone as markers of colon perforation in sigmoid diverticulitis or appendicitis. Methods. The records of all patients older than fifty years (only these had routine ECG done) admitted to our emergency station between January 2008 and December 2010 with sigmoid diverticulitis ( , diagnosed by computer tomography) or appendicitis ( , diagnosed intraoperatively) were retrospectively evaluated. Pain score, heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature were assessed at presentation. Before starting infusion therapy, blood was taken to do a blood count and to analyze CRP, the electrolytes, and creatinine levels. Then an ECG was done. Results. The perforation rate was 37% ( ). Body temperature, heart rate, sodium, CRP, and leukocytes correlated significantly with infectious colon perforation. However, only body temperature, CRP, and sodium correlated significantly with infectious colon perforation if compared by logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of hyponatremia (sodium level  mmol/L) was 29% in the group with infectious colon perforation and 16% in the group without ( ). Conclusion. Hyponatremia is a specific marker of infectious colon perforation in patients older than fifty years.