About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 480325, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/480325
Clinical Study

The Frequencies of Gastroesophageal and Extragastroesophageal Symptoms in Patients with Mild Erosive Esophagitis, Severe Erosive Esophagitis, and Barrett’s Esophagus in Taiwan

1Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
2National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
3Division of Hepato-Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung City 833, Taiwan
4Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
5Department of Medical Education and Research, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
6Department of General Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

Received 29 May 2013; Accepted 5 July 2013

Academic Editor: Deng-Chyang Wu

Copyright © 2013 Sung-Shuo Kao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. Vakil, S. V. Van Zanten, P. Kahrilas et al., “The Montreal definition and classification of gastroesophageal reflux disease: a global evidence-based consensus,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 101, no. 8, pp. 1900–1943, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. Dent, “Patterns of lower esophageal sphincter function associated with gastroesophageal reflux,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 103, no. 5 A, pp. 29S–32S, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. Malfertheiner and B. Hallerbäck, “Clinical manifestations and complications of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD),” International Journal of Clinical Practice, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 346–355, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. Jacob, P. J. Kahrilas, and A. Vanagunas, “Peristaltic dysfunction associated with nonobstructive dysphagia in reflux disease,” Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 939–942, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. J. Brzana and K. L. Koch, “Gastroesophageal reflux disease presenting with intractable nausea,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 126, no. 9, pp. 704–707, 1997. View at Scopus
  6. D. Jaspersen, M. Kulig, J. Labenz et al., “Prevalence of extra-oesophageal manifestations in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: an analysis based on the ProGERD Study,” Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 1515–1520, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. F.-W. Wang, M.-S. Tu, H.-Y. Chuang, H.-C. Yu, L.-C. Cheng, and P.-I. Hsu, “Erosive esophagitis in asymptomatic subjects: risk factors,” Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 1320–1324, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. A. Johnson and M. B. Fennerty, “Heartburn severity underestimates erosive esophagitis severity in elderly patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease,” Gastroenterology, vol. 126, no. 3, pp. 660–664, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. J. Bredenoord, G. J. M. Hemmink, and A. J. P. M. Smout, “Relationship between gastro-oesophageal reflux pattern and severity of mucosal damage,” Neurogastroenterology and Motility, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 807–812, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D. Levine, B. Hamelin, D. Magner, P. Rogers, R. Barret, and B. Joelsson, “Correlation between patient demographics and heartburn severity with Los Angeles (LA) classification of erosive esophagitis,” The American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 94, p. 2591, 1999.
  11. A. J. P. M. Smout, “Endoscopy-negative acid reflux disease,” Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Supplement, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 81–85, 1997. View at Scopus
  12. R. Carlsson, J. Dent, R. Watts et al., “Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in primary care: an international study of different treatment strategies with omeprazole,” European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 119–124, 1998. View at Scopus
  13. T. K. Cheung, W. M. Wong, N. Y. H. Wong et al., “Symptom resolution does not predict healing of erosive oesophagitis in Chinese,” Digestion, vol. 75, no. 2-3, pp. 128–134, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. W. Falk, “Gastroesophageal reflux disease and Barrett's esophagus,” Endoscopy, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 109–118, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Ronkainen, P. Aro, T. Storskrubb et al., “Prevalence of Barrett's esophagus in the general population: an endoscopic study,” Gastroenterology, vol. 129, no. 6, pp. 1825–1831, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. K. Rex, O. W. Cummings, M. Shaw et al., “Screening of Barrett's esophagus in colonoscopy patients with and without heartburn,” Gastroenterology, vol. 129, pp. 1825–1831, 2005.
  17. D. Armstrong, J. R. Bennett, A. L. Blum et al., “The endoscopic assessment of esophagitis: a progress report on observer agreement,” Gastroenterology, vol. 111, no. 1, pp. 85–92, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L. R. Lundell, J. Dent, J. R. Bennett et al., “Endoscopic assessment of oesophagitis: clinical and functional correlates and further validation of the Los Angeles classification,” Gut, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 172–180, 1999. View at Scopus
  19. R. E. Sampliner, “Updated guidelines for the diagnosis, surveillance, and therapy of Barrett's esophagus,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 97, no. 8, pp. 1888–1895, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. J. Cameron, A. R. Zinsmeister, D. J. Ballard, and J. A. Carney, “Prevalence of columnar-lined (Barrett's) esophagus: comparison of population-based clinical and autopsy findings,” Gastroenterology, vol. 99, no. 4, pp. 918–922, 1990. View at Scopus
  21. B. Wallner, A. Sylvan, R. Stenling, and K.-G. Janunger, “The esophageal Z-line appearance correlates to the prevalence of intestinal metaplasia,” Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 17–22, 2000. View at Scopus
  22. A. Paull, J. S. Trier, and M. D. Dalton, “The histologic spectrum of Barrett's esophagus,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 295, no. 9, pp. 476–480, 1976. View at Scopus
  23. S. J. Spechler, “The columnar-lined esophagus: history, terminology, and clinical issues,” Gastroenterology Clinics of North America, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 455–466, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. G. Brandt, G. E. Darling, and L. Miller, “Symptoms, acid exposure and motility in patients with Barrett's esophagus,” Canadian Journal of Surgery, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 47–51, 2004. View at Scopus
  25. E. Savarino, R. Tutuian, P. Zentilin et al., “Characteristics of reflux episodes and symptom association in patients with erosive esophagitis and nonerosive reflux disease: study using combined impedance-pH off therapy,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 105, no. 5, pp. 1053–1061, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. E. J. Ormseth and R. K. H. Wong, “Reflux laryngitis: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 94, no. 10, pp. 2812–2817, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus