Table 4: Risk for RE in patients with different intake of dietary nutrients and food groups.

Daily intakeOR95% CIP

Nutrients

Protein (g/day)
 Unadjusted1.010.79–1.280.97
 Adjusted*0.680.47–0.980.04
Fat (g/day)
 Unadjusted1.321.04–1.680.02
 Adjusted1.240.93–1.850.14
Carbohydrate (g/day)
 Unadjusted1.030.81–1.310.80
 Adjusted0.660.45–0.970.04
Total SFA (g/day)
 Unadjusted1.060.83–1.350.65
 Adjusted1.050.81–1.370.70
Alcohol (g/day)
 Unadjusted0.760.50–1.160.21
 Adjusted0.780.50–1.200.25
Cholesterol (mg/day)
 Unadjusted1.050.83–1.340.67
 Adjusted0.960.74–1.250.78
Calories from protein (%)
 Unadjusted0.640.50–0.81<0.01
 Adjusted0.640.48–0.84<0.01
Calories from fat (%)
 Unadjusted0.940.74–1.190.58
 Adjusted1.040.79–1.370.80
Calories from carbohydrate (%)
 Unadjusted0.950.74–1.200.64
 Adjusted0.950.74–1.230.70
Dietary fiber (g/day)
 Unadjusted0.980.77–1.250.88
 Adjusted0.8180.619–1.0800.16
Vitamin C (mg/day)
 Unadjusted0.520.40–0.66<0.01
 Adjusted0.510.39–0.66<0.01
Vitamin E (mg/day)
 Unadjusted0.970.76–1.240.82
 Adjusted0.910.70–1.170.45
Selenium (μg/day)
 Unadjusted1.010.82–1.250.90
 Adjusted1.040.84–1.300.70
Ferrum (mg/day)
 Unadjusted0.960.75–1.220.71
 Adjusted0.940.73–1.200.59
Zinc (mg/day)
 Unadjusted0.990.78–1.250.91
 Adjusted0.960.75–1.230.75
Calcium (mg/day)
 Unadjusted1.631.27–2.09<0.01
 Adjusted1.631.26–2.11<0.01
Beta-carotene (mg/day)
 Unadjusted1.281.01–1.630.04
 Adjusted1.290.99–1.670.06

Food

Grains and potatoes (g/day)
 Unadjusted1.040.82–1.320.76
 Adjusted0.580.39–0.850.01
Fruits (g/day)
 Unadjusted0.640.51–0.80<0.01
 Adjusted0.650.51–0.83<0.01
Vegetables (g/day)
 Unadjusted1.090.78–1.510.62
 Adjusted1.130.80–1.580.49
Meat (g/day)
 Unadjusted1.351.06–1.730.02
 Adjusted1.391.07–1.790.01
Fish and shrimps (g/day)
 Unadjusted0.970.74–1.290.85
 Adjusted0.960.71–1.300.77
Eggs (g/day)
 Unadjusted0.730.57–0.940.02
 Adjusted0.690.53–0.910.01
Milk and dairy products (g/day)
 Unadjusted1.341.09–1.650.01
 Adjusted1.201.00–1.440.06
Soy and nuts (g/day)
 Unadjusted1.170.95–1.440.15
 Adjusted1.090.92–1.310.33
Oils (g/day)
 Unadjusted1.651.26–2.15<0.01
 Adjusted1.561.18–2.06<0.01
Salt (g/day)
 Unadjusted9.105.18–16.00<0.01
 Adjusted9.935.33–18.49<0.01

Data are expressed as odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI).
*Adjusted for WC, WHR, energy, age, sex, and education level.
Abbreviations: OR: odds ratios; CI: confidence interval; WC: waist circumference; WHR: waist-hip ratio.